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BIO_S_CONNECT(3)		    OpenSSL		      BIO_S_CONNECT(3)

       BIO_set_conn_address, BIO_get_conn_address, BIO_s_connect,
       BIO_new_connect,	BIO_set_conn_hostname, BIO_set_conn_port,
       BIO_set_conn_ip_family, BIO_get_conn_ip_family, BIO_get_conn_hostname,
       BIO_get_conn_port, BIO_set_nbio,	BIO_do_connect - connect BIO

	#include <openssl/bio.h>

	const BIO_METHOD * BIO_s_connect(void);

	BIO *BIO_new_connect(char *name);

	long BIO_set_conn_hostname(BIO *b, char	*name);
	long BIO_set_conn_port(BIO *b, char *port);
	long BIO_set_conn_address(BIO *b, BIO_ADDR *addr);
	long BIO_set_conn_ip_family(BIO	*b, long family);
	const char *BIO_get_conn_hostname(BIO *b);
	const char *BIO_get_conn_port(BIO *b);
	const BIO_ADDR *BIO_get_conn_address(BIO *b);
	const long BIO_get_conn_ip_family(BIO *b);

	long BIO_set_nbio(BIO *b, long n);

	int BIO_do_connect(BIO *b);

       BIO_s_connect() returns the connect BIO method. This is a wrapper round
       the platform's TCP/IP socket connection routines.

       Using connect BIOs, TCP/IP connections can be made and data transferred
       using only BIO routines.	In this	way any	platform specific operations
       are hidden by the BIO abstraction.

       Read and	write operations on a connect BIO will perform I/O on the
       underlying connection. If no connection is established and the port and
       hostname	(see below) is set up properly then a connection is
       established first.

       Connect BIOs support BIO_puts() but not BIO_gets().

       If the close flag is set	on a connect BIO then any active connection is
       shutdown	and the	socket closed when the BIO is freed.

       Calling BIO_reset() on a	connect	BIO will close any active connection
       and reset the BIO into a	state where it can connect to the same host

       BIO_get_fd() places the underlying socket in c if it is not NULL, it
       also returns the	socket . If c is not NULL it should be of type (int

       BIO_set_conn_hostname() uses the	string name to set the hostname.  The
       hostname	can be an IP address; if the address is	an IPv6	one, it	must
       be enclosed with	brackets. The hostname can also	include	the port in
       the form	hostname:port.

       BIO_set_conn_port() sets	the port to port. port can be the numerical
       form or a string	such as	"http".	A string will be looked	up first using
       getservbyname() on the host platform but	if that	fails a	standard table
       of port names will be used. This	internal list is http, telnet, socks,
       https, ssl, ftp,	and gopher.

       BIO_set_conn_address() sets the address and port	information using a

       BIO_set_conn_ip_family()	sets the IP family.

       BIO_get_conn_hostname() returns the hostname of the connect BIO or NULL
       if the BIO is initialized but no	hostname is set.  This return value is
       an internal pointer which should	not be modified.

       BIO_get_conn_port() returns the port as a string.  This return value is
       an internal pointer which should	not be modified.

       BIO_get_conn_address() returns the address information as a BIO_ADDR.
       This return value is an internal	pointer	which should not be modified.

       BIO_get_conn_ip_family()	returns	the IP family of the connect BIO.

       BIO_set_nbio() sets the non blocking I/O	flag to	n. If n	is zero	then
       blocking	I/O is set. If n is 1 then non blocking	I/O is set. Blocking
       I/O is the default. The call to BIO_set_nbio() should be	made before
       the connection is established because non blocking I/O is set during
       the connect process.

       BIO_new_connect() combines BIO_new() and	BIO_set_conn_hostname()	into a
       single call: that is it creates a new connect BIO with name.

       BIO_do_connect()	attempts to connect the	supplied BIO. It returns 1 if
       the connection was established successfully. A zero or negative value
       is returned if the connection could not be established, the call
       BIO_should_retry() should be used for non blocking connect BIOs to
       determine if the	call should be retried.

       If blocking I/O is set then a non positive return value from any	I/O
       call is caused by an error condition, although a	zero return will
       normally	mean that the connection was closed.

       If the port name	is supplied as part of the hostname then this will
       override	any value set with BIO_set_conn_port().	This may be
       undesirable if the application does not wish to allow connection	to
       arbitrary ports.	This can be avoided by checking	for the	presence of
       the ':' character in the	passed hostname	and either indicating an error
       or truncating the string	at that	point.

       The values returned by BIO_get_conn_hostname(), BIO_get_conn_address(),
       and BIO_get_conn_port() are updated when	a connection attempt is	made.
       Before any connection attempt the values	returned are those set by the
       application itself.

       Applications do not have	to call	BIO_do_connect() but may wish to do so
       to separate the connection process from other I/O processing.

       If non blocking I/O is set then retries will be requested as

       It addition to BIO_should_read()	and BIO_should_write() it is also
       possible	for BIO_should_io_special() to be true during the initial
       connection process with the reason BIO_RR_CONNECT. If this is returned
       then this is an indication that a connection attempt would block, the
       application should then take appropriate	action to wait until the
       underlying socket has connected and retry the call.

       BIO_set_conn_hostname(),	BIO_set_conn_port(), BIO_get_conn_hostname(),
       BIO_set_conn_address(), BIO_get_conn_port(), BIO_get_conn_address(),
       BIO_set_conn_ip_family(), BIO_get_conn_ip_family(), BIO_set_nbio(), and
       BIO_do_connect()	are macros.

       BIO_s_connect() returns the connect BIO method.

       BIO_get_fd() returns the	socket or -1 if	the BIO	has not	been

       BIO_set_conn_address(), BIO_set_conn_port(), and
       BIO_set_conn_ip_family()	always return 1.

       BIO_set_conn_hostname() returns 1 on success and	0 on failure.

       BIO_get_conn_address() returns the address information or NULL if none
       was set.

       BIO_get_conn_hostname() returns the connected hostname or NULL if none
       was set.

       BIO_get_conn_ip_family()	returns	the address family or -1 if none was

       BIO_get_conn_port() returns a string representing the connected port or
       NULL if not set.

       BIO_set_nbio() always returns 1.

       BIO_do_connect()	returns	1 if the connection was	successfully
       established and 0 or -1 if the connection failed.

       This is example connects	to a webserver on the local host and attempts
       to retrieve a page and copy the result to standard output.

	BIO *cbio, *out;
	int len;
	char tmpbuf[1024];

	cbio = BIO_new_connect("localhost:http");
	out = BIO_new_fp(stdout, BIO_NOCLOSE);
	if (BIO_do_connect(cbio) <= 0) {
	    fprintf(stderr, "Error connecting to server\n");
	BIO_puts(cbio, "GET / HTTP/1.0\n\n");
	for (;;) {
	    len	= BIO_read(cbio, tmpbuf, 1024);
	    if (len <= 0)
	    BIO_write(out, tmpbuf, len);


       BIO_set_conn_int_port(),	BIO_get_conn_int_port(), BIO_set_conn_ip(),
       and BIO_get_conn_ip() were removed in OpenSSL 1.1.0.  Use
       BIO_set_conn_address() and BIO_get_conn_address() instead.

       Copyright 2000-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors.	All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed	under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You	may not	use
       this file except	in compliance with the License.	 You can obtain	a copy
       in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at

1.1.1k				  2021-03-25		      BIO_S_CONNECT(3)


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