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XCreateColormap(3)		XLIB FUNCTIONS		    XCreateColormap(3)

       XCreateColormap,	 XCopyColormapAndFree, XFreeColormap, XColor - create,
       copy, or	destroy	colormaps and color structure

       Colormap	XCreateColormap(Display	*display, Window  w,  Visual  *visual,
	      int alloc);

       Colormap	XCopyColormapAndFree(Display *display, Colormap	colormap);

       int XFreeColormap(Display *display, Colormap colormap);

       alloc	 Specifies the colormap	entries	to be allocated.  You can pass
		 AllocNone or AllocAll.

       colormap	 Specifies the colormap	that you want to create, copy, set, or

       display	 Specifies the connection to the X server.

       visual	 Specifies a visual type supported on the screen.  If the vis-
		 ual type is not one supported by the screen, a	BadMatch error

       w	 Specifies  the	 window	 on  whose screen you want to create a

       The XCreateColormap function creates a colormap of the specified	visual
       type  for  the screen on	which the specified window resides and returns
       the colormap ID associated with it.  Note that the specified window  is
       only used to determine the screen.

       The initial values of the colormap entries are undefined	for the	visual
       classes GrayScale, PseudoColor, and DirectColor.	 For StaticGray, Stat-
       icColor,	and TrueColor, the entries have	defined	values,	but those val-
       ues are specific	to the visual and are not defined  by  X.   For	 Stat-
       icGray,	StaticColor, and TrueColor, alloc must be AllocNone, or	a Bad-
       Match error results.  For the other visual classes, if alloc is	Alloc-
       None,  the colormap initially has no allocated entries, and clients can
       allocate	them.  For information about the  visual  types,  see  section

       If  alloc  is AllocAll, the entire colormap is allocated	writable.  The
       initial values of all allocated entries are undefined.	For  GrayScale
       and  PseudoColor, the effect is as if an	XAllocColorCells call returned
       all pixel values	from zero to N - 1, where N is	the  colormap  entries
       value in	the specified visual.  For DirectColor,	the effect is as if an
       XAllocColorPlanes call returned a pixel value  of  zero	and  red_mask,
       green_mask, and blue_mask values	containing the same bits as the	corre-
       sponding	masks in the specified visual.	However, in all	cases, none of
       these entries can be freed by using XFreeColors.

       XCreateColormap	can generate BadAlloc, BadMatch, BadValue, and BadWin-
       dow errors.

       The XCopyColormapAndFree	function creates a colormap of the same	visual
       type  and for the same screen as	the specified colormap and returns the
       new colormap ID.	 It also moves all of the client's existing allocation
       from the	specified colormap to the new colormap with their color	values
       intact and their	read-only or writable characteristics intact and frees
       those entries in	the specified colormap.	 Color values in other entries
       in the new colormap are undefined.  If the specified colormap was  cre-
       ated by the client with alloc set to AllocAll, the new colormap is also
       created with AllocAll, all color	values for all entries are copied from
       the  specified colormap,	and then all entries in	the specified colormap
       are freed.  If the specified colormap was not  created  by  the	client
       with  AllocAll,	the  allocations  to be	moved are all those pixels and
       planes that have	been allocated by the client using  XAllocColor,  XAl-
       locNamedColor, XAllocColorCells,	or XAllocColorPlanes and that have not
       been freed since	they were allocated.

       XCopyColormapAndFree can	generate BadAlloc and BadColor errors.

       The XFreeColormap function deletes the association between the colormap
       resource	 ID and	the colormap and frees the colormap storage.  However,
       this function has no effect on the default colormap for a  screen.   If
       the  specified  colormap	 is an installed map for a screen, it is unin-
       stalled (see XUninstallColormap).  If the specified colormap is defined
       as  the colormap	for a window (by XCreateWindow,	XSetWindowColormap, or
       XChangeWindowAttributes), XFreeColormap changes the colormap associated
       with  the  window to None and generates a ColormapNotify	event.	X does
       not define the colors displayed for a window with a colormap of None.

       XFreeColormap can generate a BadColor error.

       The XColor structure contains:

       typedef struct {
	       unsigned	long pixel;    /* pixel	value */
	       unsigned	short red, green, blue;	       /* rgb values */
	       char flags;     /* DoRed, DoGreen, DoBlue */
	       char pad;
       } XColor;

       The red,	green, and blue	values are always in the range 0 to 65535  in-
       clusive,	independent of the number of bits actually used	in the display
       hardware.  The server scales these values down to the range used	by the
       hardware.  Black	is represented by (0,0,0), and white is	represented by
       (65535,65535,65535).  In	some  functions,  the  flags  member  controls
       which of	the red, green,	and blue members is used and can be the	inclu-
       sive OR of zero or more of DoRed, DoGreen, and DoBlue.

       BadAlloc	 The server failed  to	allocate  the  requested  resource  or
		 server	memory.

       BadColor	 A  value for a	Colormap argument does not name	a defined Col-

       BadMatch	 An InputOnly window is	used as	a Drawable.

       BadMatch	 Some argument or pair of arguments has	the correct  type  and
		 range	but  fails  to match in	some other way required	by the

       BadValue	 Some numeric value falls outside the range of values accepted
		 by  the request.  Unless a specific range is specified	for an
		 argument, the full range defined by the  argument's  type  is
		 accepted.   Any argument defined as a set of alternatives can
		 generate this error.

       BadWindow A value for a Window argument does not	name a defined Window.

       XAllocColor(3), XChangeWindowAttributes(3),  XCreateWindow(3),  XQuery-
       Color(3), XStoreColors(3)
       Xlib - C	Language X Interface

X Version 11			 libX11	1.6.12		    XCreateColormap(3)


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