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CONFIG(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		     CONFIG(8)

     config -- build system configuration files

     config [-gpr] [-d destdir]	SYSTEM_NAME

     This is the old version of	the config program.  It	understands the	old
     autoconfiguration scheme used on the HP300, i386, DECstation, and deriva-
     tive platforms.  The new version of config	is used	with the SPARC plat-
     form.  Only the version of	config applicable to the architecture that you
     are running will be installed on your machine.

     The config	utility	builds a set of	system configuration files from	the
     file SYSTEM_NAME which describes the system to configure.	A second file
     tells config what files are needed	to generate a system and can be	aug-
     mented by configuration specific set of files that	give alternate files
     for a specific machine (see the FILES section below).

     Available options and operands:

     -d	destdir	  Use destdir as the output directory, instead of the default
		  one.	Note that config does not append SYSTEM_NAME to	the
		  directory given.

     -g		  Configure a system for debugging.

     -p		  Configure a system for profiling; for	example, kgmon(8) and
		  gprof(1).  If	two or more -p options are supplied, config
		  configures a system for high resolution profiling.

     -r		  Remove the old compile directory (see	below).

     SYSTEM_NAME  Specify the name of the system configuration file containing
		  device specifications, configuration options and other sys-
		  tem parameters for one system	configuration.

     config should be run from the conf	subdirectory of	the system source
     (usually /sys/ARCH/conf), where ARCH represents one of the	architectures
     supported by FreeBSD.  config creates the directory
     ../../compile/SYSTEM_NAME or the one given	with the -d option as neces-
     sary and places all output	files there.  If the output directory already
     exists and	the -r flag was	specified, it will be removed first.  The out-
     put of config consists of a number	of files; for the i386,	they are:
     ioconf.c, a description of	what I/O devices are attached to the system;
     Makefile, used by make(1) in building the system; header files, defini-
     tions of the number of various devices that will be compiled into the

     After running config, it is necessary to run "make	depend"	in the direc-
     tory where	the new	makefile was created.  The config utility prints a re-
     minder of this when it completes.

     If	any other error	messages are produced by config, the problems in the
     configuration file	should be corrected and	config should be run again.
     Attempts to compile a system that had configuration errors	are likely to

     If	the options INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE	is used	in the configuration file the
     entire input file is embedded in the new kernel.  This means that
     strings(1)	can be used to extract it from a kernel: to extract the	con-
     figuration	information, use the command

	   strings -n 3	kernel | sed -n	's/^___//p'

     Traditional BSD kernels compiled without symbols due to the heavy load on
     the system	when compiling a "debug" kernel.  A debug kernel contains com-
     plete symbols for all the source files, and enables an experienced	kernel
     programmer	to analyse the cause of	a problem.  The	debuggers available
     prior to 4.4BSD-Lite were able to find some information from a normal
     kernel; gdb(1) provides very little support for normal kernels, and a de-
     bug kernel	is needed for any meaningful analysis.

     For reasons of history, time and space, building a	debug kernel is	not
     the default with FreeBSD: a debug kernel takes up to 30% longer to	build
     and requires about	30 MB of disk storage in the build directory, compared
     to	about 6	MB for a non-debug kernel.  A debug kernel is about 11 MB in
     size, compared to about 2 MB for a	non-debug kernel.  This	space is used
     both in the root file system and at run time in memory.  Use the -g op-
     tion to build a debug kernel.  With this option, config causes two	kernel
     files to be built in the kernel build directory:

     o	 kernel.debug is the complete debug kernel.

     o	 kernel	is a copy of the kernel	with the debug symbols stripped	off.
	 This is equivalent to the normal non-debug kernel.

     There is currently	little sense in	installing and booting from a debug
     kernel, since the only tools available which use the symbols do not run
     on-line.  There are therefore two options for installing a	debug kernel:

     o	 "make install"	installs kernel	in the root file system.

     o	 "make install.debug" installs kernel.debug in the root	file system.

     /sys/conf/files		       list of common files system is built
     /sys/conf/Makefile.ARCH	       generic makefile	for the	ARCH
     /sys/conf/files.ARCH	       list of ARCH specific files
     /sys/ARCH/conf/files.SYSTEM_NAME  list of files specific to SYSTEM_NAME
				       on ARCH
     /sys/compile/SYSTEM_NAME	       default kernel build directory for sys-
				       tem SYSTEM_NAME.

     The SYNOPSIS portion of each device in section 4.

     Building 4.3 BSD UNIX System with Config.

     The line numbers reported in error	messages are usually off by one.

     The config	utility	appeared in 4.1BSD.

BSD				 July 4, 2001				   BSD


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