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DEVD(8)                 FreeBSD System Manager's Manual                DEVD(8)

     devd -- device state change daemon

     devd [-Dd] [-f file] [-n]

     The devd daemon provides a way to have userland programs run when certain
     kernel events happen.

     The following options are accepted.

     -D          Enable debugging messages.

     -d          Run in the foreground instead of becoming a daemon.

     -f file     Use configuration file file instead of the default
                 /etc/devd.conf.  If option -f is specified more than once,
                 the last file specified is used.

     -n          Do not process all pending events before becoming a daemon.
                 Instead, call daemon right away.

     The devd utility is a system daemon that runs in the background all the
     time.  Whenever a device is added to or removed from the device tree,
     devd will execute actions specified in devd.conf(5).  For example, devd
     might execute dhclient(8) when an Ethernet adapter is added to the sys-
     tem, and kill the dhclient(8) instance when the same adapter is removed.
     Another example would be for devd to use a table to locate and load via
     kldload(8) the proper driver for an unrecognized device that is added to
     the system.

     The devd utility hooks into the devctl(4) device driver.  This device
     driver has hooks into the device configuration system.  When nodes are
     added or deleted from the tree, this device will deliver information
     about the event to devd.  Once devd has parsed the message, it will
     search its action list for that kind of event and perform the action with
     the highest matching value.  For most mundane uses, the default handlers
     are adequate.  However, for more advanced users, the power is present to
     tweak every aspect of what happens.

     The devd utility reads /etc/devd.conf or the alternate configuration file
     specified with a -f option and uses that file to drive the rest of the
     process.  While the format of this file is described in devd.conf(5),
     some basics are covered here.  In the options section, one can define
     multiple directories to search for config files.  All files in these
     directories whose names match the pattern *.conf are parsed.  These files
     are intended to be installed by third party vendors that wish to hook
     into the devd system without modifying the user's other config files.

     All messages that devd receives are forwarded to the UNIX domain socket
     at /var/run/devd.pipe.

     /etc/devd.conf      The default devd configuration file.
     /var/run/devd.pipe  The socket used by devd to communicate with its

     devctl(4), devd.conf(5)

     M. Warner Losh

FreeBSD 6.2                    November 24, 2005                   FreeBSD 6.2


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