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ezmlm(5)		      File Formats Manual		      ezmlm(5)

       ezmlm - format of ezmlm directory

       An  ezmlm  directory,  dir,  stores  information	about an ezmlm mailing
       list.  ezmlm-make creates dir along with	the files necessary to support
       the other programs; ezmlm-sub and ezmlm-unsub manipulate	the subscriber
       list(s) stored under dir;  ezmlm-list  lists  the  subscriber  list(s);
       ezmlm-manage  handles administrative requests automatically; ezmlm-send
       sends a message to all subscribers listed in dir	and also  maintains  a
       message	archive	and message subject index if the list is configured to
       do so.  ezmlm-reject rejects messages that that are unsuitable for dis-
       tribution to the	mailing	list; ezmlm-return handles bounces; ezmlm-weed
       weeds out useless messages; ezmlm-warn warns users for  which  messages
       bounce and eventually removes them from the subscriber list.  ezmlm-idx
       can create a subject index from an existing list	archive, and ezmlm-ar-
       chive  creates  and  updates thread and author indices for the archive.
       ezmlm-get manages message, index, and thread  retrieval	from  the  ar-
       chive,  as  well	 as the	generation of message digests; ezmlm-cron pro-
       vides a restricted interface to cron for	the generation of digest  gen-
       eration	trigger	 messages;  ezmlm-store	 queues	 messages of moderated
       lists and sends a moderation request to the moderator(s);  ezmlm-moder-
       ate  processes  moderation requests to accept the queued	message	to the
       list via	ezmlm-send or to return	the message to the sender;  ezmlm-con-
       firm does similar for user confirmation requests; ezmlm-clean cleans up
       the moderation queue and	returns	to the sender any messages  that  have
       timed-out;  ezmlm-gate posts messages that come from a SENDER in	an ad-
       dress database, and sends remaining messages out	for moderation;	ezmlm-
       check  is  used to diagnose problems with ezmlm mailing list configura-
       tion; ezmlm-checksub and	ezmlm-issubn determine if a SENDER is  a  sub-
       scriber	or  a member of	a collection of	addresses; ezmlm-tstdig	deter-
       mines if	it is time to create a new digest based	on the number and vol-
       ume  of	messages and the amount	of time	that has passed	since the last
       digest was issued; ezmlm-request	can be used to answer  ezmlm  commands
       in  the subject line easing migration from other	mailing	list managers.
       It can also function as a global	interface mimicking the	 interface  of
       other  mailing list manager.  ezmlm-glmake can set up the global	inter-
       face, and ezmlm-glconf can create a configuration file for  the	global
       interface from your lists.

       dir/subscribers	is a directory containing the subscriber list.	ezmlm-
       manage allows automatic subscription if dir/public exists.

       The list	is hashed into 53 files, named @ through t in ASCII.  A	nonex-
       istent file is treated as an empty file.

       Each file contains a series of addresses.  An address can be any	string
       of non-NUL characters up	to 400 bytes long.  Each address  is  preceded
       by the letter T and followed by a NUL.

       For  reliability, when an address is added to or	removed	from the mail-
       ing list, the relevant file is recreated	under a	temporary name	inside
       dir/subscribers and then	moved into place.

       dir/subdb  contains  subscriber	database  access information for lists
       that are	configured to use an alternate database	plugin (such as	mysql,
       pgsql,  or  sqlite3)  for  storage  of  mailing	lists.	 Its format is
       plugin:host:port:user:password:database:table.  The database and	 table
       names  both  default to ezmlm.  If this file does not exist but dir/sql
       exists, its contents are	used with a plugin name	of sql.	  If  no  such
       file exists, the	standard lists stored in dir/subscribers etc are used.

       dir/archive  is a directory containing messages previously sent to sub-
       scribers.  ezmlm-send archives all new messages if dir/archived exists.
       If  dir/indexed exists, ezmlm-send also maintains a message subject and
       author index.

       Messages	sent to	the mailing list are numbered from 1 upwards,  whether
       or  not	they  are archived.  dir/num is	the number of messages sent so
       far followed by ':', followed by	the cumulative amount of message  body
       that has	passed ezmlm-send stored as kbytes * 4 (4 corresponds to 1kb).

       dir/archive  has	 subdirectories,  each	subdirectory storing up	to 100
       messages.  Message number 100m+n, with n	between	0 and 99, is stored in
       dir/archive/m/n.	  For  example,	 message  number  15307	 is  stored in
       dir/archive/153/07.  The	message	index is stored	in the file  index  in
       the  same  subdirectory	of  dir/archive	holding	the corresponding mes-
       sages.  Thus, the subject index contains	up to 100 entries.

       The subject index contains message subjects that	are normalized so that
       the  original  message and all replies have the same entry. The subject
       index is	used for advanced message retrieval functions. For safety, the
       subject	index is created under a temporary name	inside dir/archive and
       then moved into place.

       ezmlm-manage will ignore	message	files without  the  owner-execute  bit
       set.   ezmlm-send  turns	 on the	owner-execute bit after	safely writing
       the message to disk.

       ezmlm-make by default adds ezmlm-get to	dir/manager  to	 handle	 -get,
       -index,	and  -thread requests. If ezmlm-make is	invoked	with a digest-
       code command line argument, digest creation is enabled by putting  this
       argument	into the dir/digestcode	file.

       dir/bounce  is  a  directory  containing	bounce messages.  ezmlm-return
       stores several types of files here.

       ezmlm-make sets up four files to	control	mailing	list deliveries.  Each
       file is a series	of delivery instructions in dot-qmail format.

       dir/editor  handles incoming mailing list submissions.  ezmlm-make sets
       up dir/editor to	invoke ezmlm-send to immediately forward each  message
       to all subscribers and then to run ezmlm-warn.

       dir/owner  handles  incoming  messages  for  the	 mailing list's	owner.
       ezmlm-make sets up dir/owner to store messages in dir/Mailbox and  then
       to run ezmlm-warn.

       dir/bouncer  handles  incoming  bounce  messages.   ezmlm-make  sets up
       dir/bouncer to invoke ezmlm-return.  ezmlm-warn is  no  longer  invoked
       here  due  to  the load it places on systems with many large lists with
       many bounces.

       dir/confirmer handles incoming message confirm and discard requests for
       sender  confirmed  lists.   ezmlm-make  sets up dir/confirmer to	invoke
       ezmlm-confirm, ezmlm-archive, and then ezmlm-clean.

       dir/manager handles incoming administrative requests.  ezmlm-make  sets
       up  dir/manager	to  invoke ezmlm-get, ezmlm-manage, ezmlm-request, and
       then ezmlm-warn.

       dir/moderator handles incoming message accept and reject	 requests  for
       moderated  lists.   ezmlm-make  sets  up	dir/moderator to invoke	ezmlm-
       weed, ezmlm-moderate, ezmlm-archive, and	ezmlm-clean.

       ezmlm-get can create digests if it is invoked from  the	command	 line,
       from  dir/editor,  or  from  dir/manager.   The	program	 functions  in
       slightly	different ways in these	3 settings (see	ezmlm-get(1)).

       To enable automatic digests for a mailing list, use the	ezmlm-make  -d
       switch  or  create the dir/digested file. To also enable	the generation
       of digests at specific times dictated by	mailed trigger messages, a di-
       gestcode	 should	 be specified in the dir/digestcode file.  This	can be
       done by specifying digestcode as	a fifth	argument  to  ezmlm-make  when
       setting	up  the	list.  digestcode must be alphanumeric and is case-in-

       To generate trigger messages, use  ezmlm-cron(1)	 as  an	 interface  to
       crond(8)	or use crond directly.

       ezmlm-get is able to create digests with	a variety of different formats
       which may be specified on the command line for ezmlm-get	or in the file

       dir/num	contains  the  number  of the last message processed by	ezmlm-
       send, followed by ':' and a number that is increased by 1 for each  256
       bytes  of  message  body	 text  processed. The latter number is used by
       ezmlm-tstdig to determine if a new digest is due.

       dir/dignum contains the contents	of dir/num at the  time	 of  the  last
       regular	digest	creation,  followed by a ':', followed by a timestamp.
       It is updated after each	regular	digest is sent.

       dir/digissue contains the issue number of the last regular  digest.  It
       is incremented for each regular digest sent.

       The  following  user crontab entry (all on one line) generates a	digest
       of the list list@host.domain at 1600 every day:

	 00 16 * * * /var/qmail/bin/qmail-inject list-dig.digestcode

       Alternatively, ezmlm-cron can be	used:

	 % ezmlm-cron -t 16:00 list@host digestcode

       ezmlm-get can also be run from the shell: To generate a digest to list-
       digest@host from	the list housed	in ~joe/list:

	 % ezmlm-get ~joe/list

       Like  other  ezmlm-get  replies,	digest can be sent in several formats.
       See ezmlm-get(1)	for more info.

       There are four aspects of  moderation:  sender  confirmation  of	 posts
       (also known as "user confirmation" or "self moderation"), moderation of
       posts, moderation of subscriptions, and "remote	administration",  i.e.
       giving  the  moderator the right	to (un)subscribe any user.  ezmlm han-
       dles these four aspects separately. The first three aspects enhance se-
       curity,	while  the last	decreases security, but	makes list administra-
       tion considerably easier. By default, the  moderator  database  is  the
       same  for  all  three functions.	While "remote administration" and sub-
       scription moderation always use the same	database, the  moderators  for
       message moderation can be different.

       Even  with subscription moderation, the user has	to verify the request.
       This is to ensure that the user initiating the request really  controls
       the address.  ezmlm-manage options exist	to disable the user handshake,
       which may be useful in some circumstances.

       For standard moderation options,	the moderators are by stored in	a sub-
       scriber list in moddir/subscribers.  By default moddir is dir/mod.

       Moderators can be added and removed with:

       ezmlm-sub dir mod moderator@host

       ezmlm-unsub dir mod moderator@host

       For  subscription  moderation,  touch  dir/modsub  after	adding modera-
       tor(s).	For remote administration, touch dir/remote.  If the  contents
       of  these  files	contain	a subdirectory name, it	is used	as the name of
       the mod address list directory for subscription	moderation.   If  both
       files  exist  and  contain a subdirectory name, the dir/remote contents
       are ignored. Moderator addresses	are stored as indicated	 in  the  SUB-
       SCRIBERS	 section  above.  If no	directory names	are specified, the de-
       fault, dir/mod, is used.	 In all	cases, the named subscriber list  must

       Sender confirmation is achieved by creating dir/confirmpost and modera-
       tion of posts is	achieved by creating  dir/modpost.   In	 either	 case,
       modify  dir/editor  to  invoke  ezmlm-store.   For sender confirmation,
       ezmlm-store stores the message in dir/mod/unconfirmed and sends a  con-
       firmation  request  to  the sender.  For	moderation, ezmlm-store	stores
       the message in dir/mod/pending and sends	a moderation  request  to  all
       moderators stored in mod.  If moderation	is enabled and dir/modpostonly
       exists, messages	from non-moderators are	rejected.

       If neither dir/confirmpost nor  dir/modpost  exist,  ezmlm-store	 posts
       messages	directly (via ezmlm-send), and ezmlm-clean does	nothing.

       If  dir/modpost	contains a subdirectory	name this directory is used as
       the mod subscriber list for message moderation.	Moderators are	stored
       in a subscriber list according to the SUBSCRIBERS section above.	 If no
       directory names are specified, the default, dir/mod, is used.

       dir/confirmer is	linked to dot-confirm-default and dir-discard-default.
       It handles replies for sender confirmation.  dir/moderator is linked to
       dot-accept-default and dot-reject-default.  It handles replies from the

       In  addition  to	 a  moderator  list, the directories dir/mod/accepted,
       dir/mod/pending,	dir/mod/rejected, and dir/mod/unconfirmed must	exist.
       These directories contain the message moderation	queue.

       If  dir/mod/modtime  it	determines the minimal time in hours that mes-
       sages wait in the moderation queue, before they are returned to	sender
       with the	message	in dir/text/mod-timeout.

       If a -help command is sent for a	moderator and dir/modsub or dir/remote
       exist, a	more detailed help message stored in dir/text/mod-help will be
       sent  together  with the	regular	help. This text	should not contain se-
       crets.  If dir/text/mod-help does  not  exist,  dir/text/help  will  be

       If a -list command is sent for a	moderator and dir/modsub or dir/remote
       exist, and either the dir/modcanlist file exists	or the ezmlm-manage -l
       command line switch is specified, a subscriber list will	be returned.

       If  an -edit.file command is sent for a moderator and dir/remote	exist,
       and either the dir/modcanedit file exists or the	ezmlm-manage -d	or  -e
       command	line  switches	are  specified,	text/file is returned together
       with an ezmlm cookie. The remote	administrator  may  return  an	edited
       version	of the file, which will	be stored, provided that the cookie is
       valid.  See ezmlm-manage(1) for more info.

       text is a directory containing files sent out in	messages generated  by
       ezmlm  in  response to administrative requests.	These files may	be lo-
       cated in	one of three locations:	in the dir/text	directory; in the  al-
       ternate directory lang/text; or in the default directory	/etc/ezmlm/de-
       fault/text.  The	lang parameter in the second path is the  contents  of
       the  dir/ezmlmrc	 file,	which  is  created by ezmlm-make.  By default,
       ezmlm-make does not install any of these	text files into	dir.  Instead,
       it relies on the	use of the alternate and default paths to look up text

       top	      Introducing ezmlm.  This is placed at the	 top  of  each

       bottom	      Explaining how to	use ezmlm.  This is placed at the bot-
		      tom of each response.

       sub-confirm    Explaining how to	confirm	a subscription request.

       sub-ok	      Acknowledging successful subscription.

       sub-nop	      Acknowledging a subscription request for an address  al-
		      ready on the mailing list.

       sub-bad	      Rejecting	a bad subscription confirmation	number.

       unsub-confirm  Explaining how to	confirm	an unsubscription request, and
		      explaining how to	figure out the subscription address.

       unsub-ok	      Acknowledging successful unsubscription.

       unsub-nop      Acknowledging an unsubscription request for  an  address
		      not on the mailing list.

       unsub-bad      Rejecting	a bad unsubscription confirmation number.

       get-bad	      Rejecting	a bad archive retrieval	request.

       digest	      Text  copied into	the Administrativia section of the di-
		      gest. Usually, this will contain subscription  info  for
		      the digest, as well as information on how	to post	to the

       trailer	      If this files exists, it is copied to  the  end  of  all
		      messages to the list.

       faq	      Sent  in	response  to the faq command. Usually contains
		      frequently asked questions and answers specific for  the
		      mailing list.

       info	      Sent in response to the info command. Usually contains a
		      descripition, policy, etc, for the list. The first  line
		      should  in  itself  be  a	 very brief description	of the

       help	      General help in response to a misdirected	or  misspelled

       bounce-warn    Pointing out that	messages have bounced.

       bounce-probe   Pointing out that	a warning message has bounced.

       bounce-num     Explaining  that ezmlm-return has	kept a list of bounced
		      message numbers.

       dig-bounce-num Explaining that digest messages have bounced. All	 other
		      text  files  are used for	both the main list and the di-
		      gest list.

       bounce-bottom  Separating the bounce message.

       mod-help	      is set to	list moderators	issuing	a  -help  command.  It
		      contains	instructions  for  moderators, but it is rela-
		      tively trivial for a non-moderator to read it. Don't put
		      secrets here.

       mod-reject     is the returned to the sender of a rejected post.

       mod-timeout    is  returned  if the message timed-out without moderator

       mod-sub	      is added to the text confirming subscription and	unsub-
		      scription	 instead of bottom and the requesting message,
		      for actions that were approved by	a moderator. Not copy-
		      ing  the requesting message hides	the moderator identity
		      from the subscriber.

       mod-request    is the text sent to the moderators to request  moderator
		      action on	a posted message.

		      Requesting  that the moderator confirm a request to sub-
		      scribe.  If this file does not exist,  sub-confirm  will
		      be used.

		      Requesting  that	the moderator confirm a	request	to un-
		      subscribe.  If this file does not	 exist,	 unsub-confirm
		      will be used.

       post-confirm   Requesting  that	the sender confirms that a posted mes-
		      sage did originate from them.

       edit-do	      Instructions sent	to the remote  administrator  together
		      with a copy of a dir/text	file and editing instructions.

       edit-list      A	list of	editable files in dir/text with	a one-line de-
		      scription	send to	a remote administrator in response  to
		      a	-edit command.

       edit-done      Sent   to	 the  remote  administrator  after  an	edited
		      dir/text file has	been successfully saved.

       Several tags in the text	files are replaced by  ezmlm  programs.	  Tags
       may  appear anywhere on a line and multiple tags	may appear on the same

       <#L#>  The unmodified name of the list, as defined by dir/outlocal

       <#l#>  The name of the list or the list-digest, as appropriate for  the
	      request.	 The use of <#l#> is to	allow the same text file to be
	      used for requests	pertaining to both the main list and  the  di-
	      gest list.

       <#H#>  The hostname for the list, as defined by dir/outhost

       <#h#>  The hostname for the list

       <#n#>  The  current message number in ezmlm-send, and the number	of the
	      first message in the digest in ezmlm-get

       <#A#>  The moderation accept or (un)subscription	 target	 address  (de-
	      scribed below)

       <#a#>  The local	part of	the moderation accept address

       <#t#>  The subscription target address, with "@"	replaced with "="

       <#R#>  The  moderation  reject  or  (un)subscription reply address (de-
	      scribed below), equivalent to <#r#>@<#h#>

       <#r#>  The local	part of	the reject or  reply  address,	equivalent  to

       <#c#>  The  cryptographic  "cookie"  in	the  reject  or	reply address,
	      equivalent to <#X#><#T#>.<#C#>-<#a#>=<#h#>

       <#d#>  dir

       <#C#>  The cryptographic	confirmation hash code.

       <#T#>  The confirmation time stamp, expressed as	a UNIX time.

       <#X#>  The confirmation action code.

       The subscription	target address is the address that has requested  sub-
       scription to or unsubscription from the list in ezmlm-manage.  The same
       tag is used in ezmlm-store for the address to which  a  reply  must  be
       sent to accept the original post.

       The  subscription reply address is the address to which a reply must be
       sent to confirm a subscription in ezmlm-manage.	The same tag  is  used
       in  ezmlm-store	for the	address	to which a reply may be	sent to	reject
       the original post.

       For backwards compatibility, the	lines !A and !R	are replaced with  the
       value of	<#A#> and <#R#>	respectively.

       The text	files may be split into	sections which are enabled or disabled
       by special markers containing a list of flags.  All of the lines	in the
       text file following one section marker up to the	next marker are	output
       if all of the flags listed in the marker	are set.

       The markers are written as <=FLAGS=> and	must be	the only  thing	 on  a
       line.  The list of FLAGS	may be empty, in which case the	following sec-
       tion.  Otherwise, it contains a list of flags that  correspond  to  the
       ezmlm-make options, including both alpha	and numeric options.

       For  example,  the section marker <=Bn=>	will only be output if archive
       access is open (-B) and text editing is enabled (-n).

       One of the text files, text/messages, has special handling.  It is used
       when  creating  short messages within the ezmlm programs, such as error
       messages, subject lines,	and several others.  Each line	of  this  file
       contains	 a message name	and the	contents of that message, separated by
       a colon.	 Individual messages are loaded	from all three	locations  de-
       scribed	above  instead	of just	the first file that is found, allowing
       for partial sets	of customizations.  Additionally, the programs have an
       internal	table of messages as a final fallback.

       In  addition  to	 the  substitions listed above,	the tags <#1#> through
       <#9#> are used by certain messages for file names and other  parameters
       specific	 to  the  message.   The  default  messages  in	/etc/ezmlm/de-
       fault/text/messages should have a complete set of messages with all pa-
       rameters	used.

       dir/headerkeep  is a list of good header	field names, one per line, and
       dir/headerremove	is a list of bad header	field names.   If  dir/header-
       keep  is	 present,  ezmlm-send removes all header fields	but those that
       are listed from outgoing	messages;  otherwise  ezmlm-send  removes  the
       header  fields  listed  in dir/headerremove from	all outgoing messages.
       ezmlm-make sets up dir/headerremove to remove  Return-Path,  Return-Re-
       ceipt-To, and Return-Path fields.

       dir/headeradd  is  a  list of new header	fields.	 ezmlm-send adds these
       fields to every outgoing	message.  ezmlm-send sets up dir/headeradd  to
       add X-No-Archive: yes and Precedence:bulk.

       If dir/headerreject exists, and the ezmlm-reject	dir argument is	speci-
       fied, messages containing any of	the listed headers are rejected.

       If dir/mimekeep exists, ezmlm-send removes parts	except those with cor-
       responding  content-types  from composite MIME messages.	 Otherwise, if
       dir/mimeremove exists, ezmlm-send removes parts with the	 corresponding
       content-types.  If the ezmlm-reject dir argument	is specified, messages
       consisting only of disallowed content-types are rejected.

       If dir/mimereject exists, and the ezmlm-reject dir argument  is	speci-
       fied,  simple  MIME  messages of	these content-types, or	composite MIME
       messages	with any body part of these content-types are rejected.

       If dir/sequence exists, the first line is added as a header to all out-
       going messages, followed	by a space and the message number. The message
       number is useful	for archive retrievals,	since some mail	systems	do not
       reveal the return-path to the user.  NOTE: Sublists have	their own mes-
       sage counter. Adding a sequence header from a sublists  will  give  you
       the  sublist  message number which is different from the	main list mes-
       sage number.

       dir/prefix is a subject prefix. If this file exists, its	 contents  are
       prefixed	 to  the  subject  of  the  post  in the outgoing message. The
       archived	message	is not processed. Attempts are made to	not  duplicate
       an  existing  prefix in replies.	 Think twice before using this option.
       A prefix	takes unnecessary space	on the	subject	 line  and  most  mail
       clients can easily filter on other headers, such	as 'Mailing-List:'. If
       dir/prefix contains a single '#', this will be replaced by the  message
       number.	The  use  of this feature is inadvisable and violates internet
       mail standards. However,	it is very popular in e.g. Japan. If you  must
       use this	feature, make sure you are aware that you may be causing prob-
       lems to users, sublists,	etc.

       dir/text/trailer	is a message trailer. If this file exists,  it's  con-
       tents are copied	to the end of outgoing messages. Only lines terminated
       with new-line are copied.  No trailer is	copied to the archived version
       of the message.

       If  the allow address list exists, ezmlm	will allow any sender found in
       that list to post even if they are not subscribers.  If	the  deny  ad-
       dress list exists, ezmlm	will block all senders found in	that list from
       posting to the list.  Addresses in either list that start with a	@ will
       allow  or deny all senders at the following domain name.	 Addresses can
       be added	and removed from these lists similarly to the moderator	 exam-
       ples above.

       If  dir/listid exists, ezmlm programs create a new List-ID field, show-
       ing the contents	of the first line of  dir/listid,  in  every  outgoing
       message.	 The list-id should be unique and within name space controlled
       by the owner. It	should remain constant even if lists move  and	be  of
       the format

       List-ID:	optional_text <unique_id.domain>

       This  header  would  result  from  a  dir/listid	 file containing ``op-
       tional_text     <unique_id.domain>''.	 See	 RFC	  2919	    at for more info.

       The  first lines	of dir/outlocal	and dir/outhost	give the outgoing name
       of the mailing list.  These are used by ezmlm-manage and	ezmlm-send  to
       construct sender	addresses for outgoing messages.

       If  dir/sublist	exists,	this mailing list is a sublist,	redistributing
       messages	from a parent mailing list.  The first line of dir/sublist  is
       the name	of the parent list.  This affects the behavior of ezmlm-send.

       If  dir/qmqpservers  exists, all	ezmlm programs will use	qmail-qmqpc(1)
       to send messages.  If qmail-qmqpc is modified correctly,	server IP  ad-
       dresses	listed	one per	line in	dir/qmqpsevers will be tried in	order,
       rather than the default servers specified in /var/qmail/control.

       If dir/msgsize exists, it is  assumed  to  contain  ``max:min'',	 where
       ``max'' is the maximum size in bytes of an acceptable message body, and
       ``min'' the corresponding minimal size. Either will be ignored if  zero
       or  omitted. If the ezmlm-reject	command	line specifies the list	direc-
       tory, messages not meeting the size criteria are	rejected.

       If dir/charset exists, the first	line is	assumed	to represent  a	 valid
       MIME  character	set, which is used for all outgoing MIME messages sent
       by ezmlm-get and	the message moderation	programs.  The	character  set
       string  may  be	suffixed  with ':' and 'Q' or 'B' to send all outgoing
       text (ezmlm messages, digest  table-of-contents,	 moderation  requests,
       etc)  encoded  in  ``Quoted-Printable''	or ``base64'' encoding.	By de-
       fault, no encoding is done, which may result  in	 the  transmission  of
       characters  with	 the high bit set. When	encoding is specified, trigger
       messages	and other parts	of the reply that should not  be  encoded  are
       sent as separate	MIME parts.

       dir/lock	 is  an	empty file.  Any program that reads or writes the sub-
       scriber list, or	adds messages to the archive, locks dir/lock.

       dir/Log is an advisory log of subscription and unsubscription  actions.
       WARNING:	 Log is	not protected against system crashes.  Log entries may
       be missing or corrupted if the system goes down.	There is Log for  each
       of  the	accessory  address databases as	well. Thus, the	log for	digest
       subscribers is dir/digest/Log.  If enabled, these logs can be retrieved
       by remote administrators	(see ezmlm-manage(1)).

       If  dir/omitbottom exists, will suppress	the administrative information
       found in	dir/text/bottom	and the	copy of	the request that  is  normally
       copied  into outgoing automatic responses.  This	may make it harder for
       the recipient to	diagnose problems and learn commands.

       dir/copylines specifies how many	lines from the body  of	 the  original
       request to copy into outgoing automatic responses.  If this file	is not
       present or is empty, a value of 0 is used.  In  any  case,  the	entire
       header is copied.

       dir/digest contains items specific for the digest list.

       dir/digest/subscribers  contains	 hash  files  of digest	subscriber ad-

       dir/digest/Log, dir/digest/bounce, dir/digest/lockbounce,  and  dir/di-
       gest/lock  have	functions  for the digest list that mirror that	of the
       corresponding files in dir.

       dir/digheaders may contain a list of headers to include in the "m" for-
       mat  digests.   Headers should be listed	one per	line not including the

       dir/digcount, dir/digsize, and dir/digtime  control  when  ezmlm-tstdig
       will allow ezmlm-get to create a	digest message.	 dir/tstdig is a time-
       stamp used temporarily by ezmlm-tstdig to coordinate digesting.

       dir/archnum contains the	number of the last message processed by	ezmlm-
       archive.	  Normally,  ezmlm-archive  will  process entries for messages
       from one	above the contents of this file	up to an including the message
       number  in dir/num.  The	default	ezmlmrc	template sets up ezmlm-archive
       to run only if the dir/threaded file exists.

       If dir/noreturnposts exists,  ezmlm-clean  will	not  return  timed-out
       posts to	their senders.

       If  dir/nosubconfirm exists, ezmlm-manage will not require confirmation
       from the	subscription target  before  subscribing  it.	Similarly,  if
       dir/nounsubconfirm  exists,  ezmlm-manage will not require confirmation
       from the	unsubscription target before unsubscribing it.

       If dir/modgetonly exists, ezmlm-get will	only allow moderators  to  re-
       trieve data from	the archive, even if dir/public	exists.	 If dir/subge-
       tonly exists, ezmlm-get will only allow subscribers  to	retrieve  data
       from the	archive.

       If dir/nowarn exists, no	warnings of any	kind are sent by ezmlm-warn.

       dir/key is a binary file	used to	create confirmation codes.  Anyone who
       can guess the contents of  dir/key  can	forge  subscription  requests.
       ezmlm-make  does	 not  put much effort into making dir/key difficult to
       guess; for better security, you should add some more secure random data
       to dir/key.

       dir/flags contains the option flags that	were passed to ezmlm-make when
       the list	was created or last edited.  It	is used	by programs that  gen-
       erate  email  messages to select	which sections in text messages	should
       be output.  This	is a new file introduced in version 5.	Prior to this,
       the  flags  were	stored in the first line of the	dir/config file, along
       with other data.

       dir/ezmlmrc contains the	path to	the directory in  which	 the  original
       ezmlmrc	file was found.	 It is used to create alternate	paths for text

       ezmlm-archive(1),  ezmlm-check(1),  ezmlm-checksub(1),  ezmlm-clean(1),
       ezmlm-gate(1),	ezmlm-get(1),  ezmlm-idx(1),  ezmlm-issubn(1),	ezmlm-
       list(1),	ezmlm-make(1), ezmlm-manage(1),	 ezmlm-moderate(1),  ezmlm-re-
       quest(1), ezmlm-return(1), ezmlm-send(1), ezmlm-store(1), ezmlm-sub(1),
       ezmlm-tstdig(1),	 ezmlm-unsub(1),  ezmlm-warn(1),  ezmlm-weed(1),  dot-



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