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GIT-ADD(1)			  Git Manual			    GIT-ADD(1)

       git-add - Add file contents to the index

       git add [--verbose | -v]	[--dry-run | -n] [--force | -f]	[--interactive | -i] [--patch |	-p]
		 [--edit | -e] [--[no-]all | --[no-]ignore-removal | [--update | -u]]
		 [--intent-to-add | -N]	[--refresh] [--ignore-errors] [--ignore-missing] [--renormalize]
		 [--chmod=(+|-)x] [--pathspec-from-file=<file> [--pathspec-file-nul]]
		 [--] [<pathspec>...]

       This command updates the	index using the	current	content	found in the
       working tree, to	prepare	the content staged for the next	commit.	It
       typically adds the current content of existing paths as a whole,	but
       with some options it can	also be	used to	add content with only part of
       the changes made	to the working tree files applied, or remove paths
       that do not exist in the	working	tree anymore.

       The "index" holds a snapshot of the content of the working tree,	and it
       is this snapshot	that is	taken as the contents of the next commit. Thus
       after making any	changes	to the working tree, and before	running	the
       commit command, you must	use the	add command to add any new or modified
       files to	the index.

       This command can	be performed multiple times before a commit. It	only
       adds the	content	of the specified file(s) at the	time the add command
       is run; if you want subsequent changes included in the next commit,
       then you	must run git add again to add the new content to the index.

       The git status command can be used to obtain a summary of which files
       have changes that are staged for	the next commit.

       The git add command will	not add	ignored	files by default. If any
       ignored files were explicitly specified on the command line, git	add
       will fail with a	list of	ignored	files. Ignored files reached by
       directory recursion or filename globbing	performed by Git (quote	your
       globs before the	shell) will be silently	ignored. The git add command
       can be used to add ignored files	with the -f (force) option.

       Please see git-commit(1)	for alternative	ways to	add content to a

	   Files to add	content	from. Fileglobs	(e.g.  *.c) can	be given to
	   add all matching files. Also	a leading directory name (e.g.	dir to
	   add dir/file1 and dir/file2)	can be given to	update the index to
	   match the current state of the directory as a whole (e.g.
	   specifying dir will record not just a file dir/file1	modified in
	   the working tree, a file dir/file2 added to the working tree, but
	   also	a file dir/file3 removed from the working tree). Note that
	   older versions of Git used to ignore	removed	files; use --no-all
	   option if you want to add modified or new files but ignore removed

	   For more details about the <pathspec> syntax, see the pathspec
	   entry in gitglossary(7).

       -n, --dry-run
	   Don't actually add the file(s), just	show if	they exist and/or will
	   be ignored.

       -v, --verbose
	   Be verbose.

       -f, --force
	   Allow adding	otherwise ignored files.

       -i, --interactive
	   Add modified	contents in the	working	tree interactively to the
	   index. Optional path	arguments may be supplied to limit operation
	   to a	subset of the working tree. See	"Interactive mode" for

       -p, --patch
	   Interactively choose	hunks of patch between the index and the work
	   tree	and add	them to	the index. This	gives the user a chance	to
	   review the difference before	adding modified	contents to the	index.

	   This	effectively runs add --interactive, but	bypasses the initial
	   command menu	and directly jumps to the patch	subcommand. See
	   "Interactive	mode" for details.

       -e, --edit
	   Open	the diff vs. the index in an editor and	let the	user edit it.
	   After the editor was	closed,	adjust the hunk	headers	and apply the
	   patch to the	index.

	   The intent of this option is	to pick	and choose lines of the	patch
	   to apply, or	even to	modify the contents of lines to	be staged.
	   This	can be quicker and more	flexible than using the	interactive
	   hunk	selector. However, it is easy to confuse oneself and create a
	   patch that does not apply to	the index. See EDITING PATCHES below.

       -u, --update
	   Update the index just where it already has an entry matching
	   <pathspec>. This removes as well as modifies	index entries to match
	   the working tree, but adds no new files.

	   If no <pathspec> is given when -u option is used, all tracked files
	   in the entire working tree are updated (old versions	of Git used to
	   limit the update to the current directory and its subdirectories).

       -A, --all, --no-ignore-removal
	   Update the index not	only where the working tree has	a file
	   matching <pathspec> but also	where the index	already	has an entry.
	   This	adds, modifies,	and removes index entries to match the working

	   If no <pathspec> is given when -A option is used, all files in the
	   entire working tree are updated (old	versions of Git	used to	limit
	   the update to the current directory and its subdirectories).

       --no-all, --ignore-removal
	   Update the index by adding new files	that are unknown to the	index
	   and files modified in the working tree, but ignore files that have
	   been	removed	from the working tree. This option is a	no-op when no
	   <pathspec> is used.

	   This	option is primarily to help users who are used to older
	   versions of Git, whose "git add <pathspec>..." was a	synonym	for
	   "git	add --no-all <pathspec>...", i.e. ignored removed files.

       -N, --intent-to-add
	   Record only the fact	that the path will be added later. An entry
	   for the path	is placed in the index with no content.	This is	useful
	   for,	among other things, showing the	unstaged content of such files
	   with	git diff and committing	them with git commit -a.

	   Don't add the file(s), but only refresh their stat()	information in
	   the index.

	   If some files could not be added because of errors indexing them,
	   do not abort	the operation, but continue adding the others. The
	   command shall still exit with non-zero status. The configuration
	   variable add.ignoreErrors can be set	to true	to make	this the
	   default behaviour.

	   This	option can only	be used	together with --dry-run. By using this
	   option the user can check if	any of the given files would be
	   ignored, no matter if they are already present in the work tree or

	   By default, git add will warn when adding an	embedded repository to
	   the index without using git submodule add to	create an entry	in
	   .gitmodules.	This option will suppress the warning (e.g., if	you
	   are manually	performing operations on submodules).

	   Apply the "clean" process freshly to	all tracked files to forcibly
	   add them again to the index.	This is	useful after changing
	   core.autocrlf configuration or the text attribute in	order to
	   correct files added with wrong CRLF/LF line endings.	This option
	   implies -u.

	   Override the	executable bit of the added files. The executable bit
	   is only changed in the index, the files on disk are left unchanged.

	   Pathspec is passed in <file>	instead	of commandline args. If	<file>
	   is exactly -	then standard input is used. Pathspec elements are
	   separated by	LF or CR/LF. Pathspec elements can be quoted as
	   explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see	git-
	   config(1)). See also	--pathspec-file-nul and	global

	   Only	meaningful with	--pathspec-from-file. Pathspec elements	are
	   separated with NUL character	and all	other characters are taken
	   literally (including	newlines and quotes).

	   This	option can be used to separate command-line options from the
	   list	of files, (useful when filenames might be mistaken for
	   command-line	options).

       o   Adds	content	from all *.txt files under Documentation directory and
	   its subdirectories:

	       $ git add Documentation/\*.txt

	   Note	that the asterisk * is quoted from the shell in	this example;
	   this	lets the command include the files from	subdirectories of
	   Documentation/ directory.

       o   Considers adding content from all git-*.sh scripts:

	       $ git add git-*.sh

	   Because this	example	lets the shell expand the asterisk (i.e. you
	   are listing the files explicitly), it does not consider

       When the	command	enters the interactive mode, it	shows the output of
       the status subcommand, and then goes into its interactive command loop.

       The command loop	shows the list of subcommands available, and gives a
       prompt "What now> ". In general,	when the prompt	ends with a single _,
       you can pick only one of	the choices given and type return, like	this:

	       *** Commands ***
		 1: status	 2: update	 3: revert	 4: add	untracked
		 5: patch	 6: diff	 7: quit	 8: help
	       What now> 1

       You also	could say s or sta or status above as long as the choice is

       The main	command	loop has 6 subcommands (plus help and quit).

	   This	shows the change between HEAD and index	(i.e. what will	be
	   committed if	you say	git commit), and between index and working
	   tree	files (i.e. what you could stage further before	git commit
	   using git add) for each path. A sample output looks like this:

			     staged	unstaged path
		    1:	     binary	 nothing foo.png
		    2:	   +403/-35	   +1/-1 git-add--interactive.perl

	   It shows that foo.png has differences from HEAD (but	that is	binary
	   so line count cannot	be shown) and there is no difference between
	   indexed copy	and the	working	tree version (if the working tree
	   version were	also different,	binary would have been shown in	place
	   of nothing).	The other file,	git-add--interactive.perl, has 403
	   lines added and 35 lines deleted if you commit what is in the
	   index, but working tree file	has further modifications (one
	   addition and	one deletion).

	   This	shows the status information and issues	an "Update>>" prompt.
	   When	the prompt ends	with double __,	you can	make more than one
	   selection, concatenated with	whitespace or comma. Also you can say
	   ranges. E.g.	"2-5 7,9" to choose 2,3,4,5,7,9	from the list. If the
	   second number in a range is omitted,	all remaining patches are
	   taken. E.g. "7-" to choose 7,8,9 from the list. You can say * to
	   choose everything.

	   What	you chose are then highlighted with *, like this:

			  staged     unstaged path
		 1:	  binary      nothing foo.png
	       * 2:	+403/-35	+1/-1 git-add--interactive.perl

	   To remove selection,	prefix the input with -	like this:

	       Update>>	-2

	   After making	the selection, answer with an empty line to stage the
	   contents of working tree files for selected paths in	the index.

	   This	has a very similar UI to update, and the staged	information
	   for selected	paths are reverted to that of the HEAD version.
	   Reverting new paths makes them untracked.

       add untracked
	   This	has a very similar UI to update	and revert, and	lets you add
	   untracked paths to the index.

	   This	lets you choose	one path out of	a status like selection. After
	   choosing the	path, it presents the diff between the index and the
	   working tree	file and asks you if you want to stage the change of
	   each	hunk. You can select one of the	following options and type

	       y - stage this hunk
	       n - do not stage	this hunk
	       q - quit; do not	stage this hunk	or any of the remaining	ones
	       a - stage this hunk and all later hunks in the file
	       d - do not stage	this hunk or any of the	later hunks in the file
	       g - select a hunk to go to
	       / - search for a	hunk matching the given	regex
	       j - leave this hunk undecided, see next undecided hunk
	       J - leave this hunk undecided, see next hunk
	       k - leave this hunk undecided, see previous undecided hunk
	       K - leave this hunk undecided, see previous hunk
	       s - split the current hunk into smaller hunks
	       e - manually edit the current hunk
	       ? - print help

	   After deciding the fate for all hunks, if there is any hunk that
	   was chosen, the index is updated with the selected hunks.

	   You can omit	having to type return here, by setting the
	   configuration variable interactive.singleKey	to true.

	   This	lets you review	what will be committed (i.e. between HEAD and

       Invoking	git add	-e or selecting	e from the interactive hunk selector
       will open a patch in your editor; after the editor exits, the result is
       applied to the index. You are free to make arbitrary changes to the
       patch, but note that some changes may have confusing results, or	even
       result in a patch that cannot be	applied. If you	want to	abort the
       operation entirely (i.e., stage nothing new in the index), simply
       delete all lines	of the patch. The list below describes some common
       things you may see in a patch, and which	editing	operations make	sense
       on them.

       added content
	   Added content is represented	by lines beginning with	"+". You can
	   prevent staging any addition	lines by deleting them.

       removed content
	   Removed content is represented by lines beginning with "-". You can
	   prevent staging their removal by converting the "-" to a " "

       modified	content
	   Modified content is represented by "-" lines	(removing the old
	   content) followed by	"+" lines (adding the replacement content).
	   You can prevent staging the modification by converting "-" lines to
	   " ",	and removing "+" lines.	Beware that modifying only half	of the
	   pair	is likely to introduce confusing changes to the	index.

       There are also more complex operations that can be performed. But
       beware that because the patch is	applied	only to	the index and not the
       working tree, the working tree will appear to "undo" the	change in the
       index. For example, introducing a new line into the index that is in
       neither the HEAD	nor the	working	tree will stage	the new	line for
       commit, but the line will appear	to be reverted in the working tree.

       Avoid using these constructs, or	do so with extreme caution.

       removing	untouched content
	   Content which does not differ between the index and working tree
	   may be shown	on context lines, beginning with a " " (space).	You
	   can stage context lines for removal by converting the space to a
	   "-".	The resulting working tree file	will appear to re-add the

       modifying existing content
	   One can also	modify context lines by	staging	them for removal (by
	   converting "	" to "-") and adding a "+" line	with the new content.
	   Similarly, one can modify "+" lines for existing additions or
	   modifications. In all cases,	the new	modification will appear
	   reverted in the working tree.

       new content
	   You may also	add new	content	that does not exist in the patch;
	   simply add new lines, each starting with "+". The addition will
	   appear reverted in the working tree.

       There are also several operations which should be avoided entirely, as
       they will make the patch	impossible to apply:

       o   adding context (" ")	or removal ("-") lines

       o   deleting context or removal lines

       o   modifying the contents of context or	removal	lines

       git-status(1) git-rm(1) git-reset(1) git-mv(1) git-commit(1) git-

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 2.30.1			  02/08/2021			    GIT-ADD(1)


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