Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
GITWEB(1)			  Git Manual			     GITWEB(1)

       gitweb -	Git web	interface (web frontend	to Git repositories)

       To get started with gitweb, run git-instaweb(1) from a Git repository.
       This would configure and	start your web server, and run web browser
       pointing	to gitweb.

       Gitweb provides a web interface to Git repositories. Its	features

       o   Viewing multiple Git	repositories with common root.

       o   Browsing every revision of the repository.

       o   Viewing the contents	of files in the	repository at any revision.

       o   Viewing the revision	log of branches, history of files and
	   directories,	see what was changed when, by who.

       o   Viewing the blame/annotation	details	of any file (if	enabled).

       o   Generating RSS and Atom feeds of commits, for any branch. The feeds
	   are auto-discoverable in modern web browsers.

       o   Viewing everything that was changed in a revision, and step through
	   revisions one at a time, viewing the	history	of the repository.

       o   Finding commits which commit	messages matches given search term.

       See for gitweb source
       code, browsed using gitweb itself.

       Various aspects of gitweb's behavior can	be controlled through the
       configuration file gitweb_config.perl or	/etc/gitweb.conf. See the
       gitweb.conf(5) for details.

       Gitweb can show information from	one or more Git	repositories. These
       repositories have to be all on local filesystem,	and have to share
       common repository root, i.e. be all under a single parent repository
       (but see	also "Advanced web server setup" section, "Webserver
       configuration with multiple projects' root" subsection).

	   our $projectroot = '/path/to/parent/directory';

       The default value for $projectroot is /pub/git. You can change it
       during building gitweb via GITWEB_PROJECTROOT build configuration

       By default all Git repositories under $projectroot are visible and
       available to gitweb. The	list of	projects is generated by default by
       scanning	the $projectroot directory for Git repositories	(for object
       databases to be more exact; gitweb is not interested in a working area,
       and is best suited to showing "bare" repositories).

       The name	of the repository in gitweb is the path	to its $GIT_DIR	(its
       object database)	relative to $projectroot. Therefore the	repository
       $repo can be found at "$projectroot/$repo".

   Projects list file format
       Instead of having gitweb	find repositories by scanning filesystem
       starting	from $projectroot, you can provide a pre-generated list	of
       visible projects	by setting $projects_list to point to a	plain text
       file with a list	of projects (with some additional info).

       This file uses the following format:

       o   One record (for project / repository) per line; does	not support
	   line	continuation (newline escaping).

       o   Leading and trailing	whitespace are ignored.

       o   Whitespace separated	fields;	any run	of whitespace can be used as
	   field separator (rules for Perl's "split(" ", $line)").

       o   Fields use modified URI encoding, defined in	RFC 3986, section 2.1
	   (Percent-Encoding), or rather "Query	string encoding" (see, the
	   difference being that SP (" ") can be encoded as "+"	(and therefore
	   "+" has to be also percent-encoded).

	   Reserved characters are: "%"	(used for encoding), "+" (can be used
	   to encode SPACE), all whitespace characters as defined in Perl,
	   including SP, TAB and LF, (used to separate fields in a record).

       o   Currently recognized	fields are:

	   <repository path>
	       path to repository GIT_DIR, relative to $projectroot

	   <repository owner>
	       displayed as repository owner, preferably full name, or email,
	       or both

       You can generate	the projects list index	file using the project_index
       action (the TXT link on projects	list page) directly from gitweb; see
       also "Generating	projects list using gitweb" section below.

       Example contents:

	   foo.git	 Joe+R+Hacker+<>
	   foo/bar.git	 O+W+Ner+<>

       By default this file controls only which	projects are visible on
       projects	list page (note	that entries that do not point to correctly
       recognized Git repositories won't be displayed by gitweb). Even if a
       project is not visible on projects list page, you can view it
       nevertheless by hand-crafting a gitweb URL. By setting $strict_export
       configuration variable (see gitweb.conf(5)) to true value you can allow
       viewing only of repositories also shown on the overview page (i.e. only
       projects	explicitly listed in projects list file	will be	accessible).

   Generating projects list using gitweb
       We assume that GITWEB_CONFIG has	its default Makefile value, namely
       gitweb_config.perl. Put the following in	gitweb_make_index.perl file:

	   $projects_list = $projectroot;

       Then create the following script	to get list of project in the format
       suitable	for GITWEB_LIST	build configuration variable (or
       $projects_list variable in gitweb config):


	   export GITWEB_CONFIG="gitweb_make_index.perl"
	   export GATEWAY_INTERFACE="CGI/1.1"
	   export HTTP_ACCEPT="*/*"
	   export QUERY_STRING="a=project_index"

	   perl	-- /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi

       Run this	script and save	its output to a	file. This file	could then be
       used as projects	list file, which means that you	can set	$projects_list
       to its filename.

   Controlling access to Git repositories
       By default all Git repositories under $projectroot are visible and
       available to gitweb. You	can however configure how gitweb controls
       access to repositories.

       o   As described	in "Projects list file format" section,	you can
	   control which projects are visible by selectively including
	   repositories	in projects list file, and setting $projects_list
	   gitweb configuration	variable to point to it. With $strict_export
	   set,	projects list file can be used to control which	repositories
	   are available as well.

       o   You can configure gitweb to only list and allow viewing of the
	   explicitly exported repositories, via $export_ok variable in	gitweb
	   config file;	see gitweb.conf(5) manpage. If it evaluates to true,
	   gitweb shows	repositories only if this file named by	$export_ok
	   exists in its object	database (if directory has the magic file
	   named $export_ok).

	   For example git-daemon(1) by	default	(unless	--export-all option is
	   used) allows	pulling	only for those repositories that have
	   git-daemon-export-ok	file. Adding

	       our $export_ok =	"git-daemon-export-ok";

	   makes gitweb	show and allow access only to those repositories that
	   can be fetched from via git:// protocol.

       o   Finally, it is possible to specify an arbitrary perl	subroutine
	   that	will be	called for each	repository to determine	if it can be
	   exported. The subroutine receives an	absolute path to the project
	   (repository)	as its only parameter (i.e. "$projectroot/$project").

	   For example,	if you use mod_perl to run the script, and have	dumb
	   HTTP	protocol authentication	configured for your repositories, you
	   can use the following hook to allow access only if the user is
	   authorized to read the files:

	       $export_auth_hook = sub {
		       use Apache2::SubRequest ();
		       use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(HTTP_OK);
		       my $path	= "$_[0]/HEAD";
		       my $r	= Apache2::RequestUtil->request;
		       my $sub	= $r->lookup_file($path);
		       return $sub->filename eq	$path
			   && $sub->status == Apache2::Const::HTTP_OK;

   Per-repository gitweb configuration
       You can configure individual repositories shown in gitweb by creating
       file in the GIT_DIR of Git repository, or by setting some repo
       configuration variable (in GIT_DIR/config, see git-config(1)).

       You can use the following files in repository:

	   A html file (HTML fragment) which is	included on the	gitweb project
	   "summary" page inside <div> block element. You can use it for
	   longer description of a project, to provide links (for example to
	   project's homepage),	etc. This is recognized	only if	XSS prevention
	   is off ($prevent_xss	is false, see gitweb.conf(5)); a way to
	   include a README safely when	XSS prevention is on may be worked out
	   in the future.

       description (or gitweb.description)
	   Short (shortened to $projects_list_description_width	in the
	   projects list page, which is	25 characters by default; see
	   gitweb.conf(5)) single line description of a	project	(of a
	   repository).	Plain text file; HTML will be escaped. By default set

	       Unnamed repository; edit	this file to name it for gitweb.

	   from	the template during repository creation, usually installed in
	   /usr/share/git-core/templates/. You can use the gitweb.description
	   repo	configuration variable,	but the	file takes precedence.

       category	(or gitweb.category)
	   Singe line category of a project, used to group projects if
	   $projects_list_group_categories is enabled. By default (file	and
	   configuration variable absent), uncategorized projects are put in
	   the $project_list_default_category category.	You can	use the
	   gitweb.category repo	configuration variable,	but the	file takes

	   The configuration variables $projects_list_group_categories and
	   $project_list_default_category are described	in gitweb.conf(5)

       cloneurl	(or multiple-valued gitweb.url)
	   File	with repository	URL (used for clone and	fetch),	one per	line.
	   Displayed in	the project summary page. You can use multiple-valued
	   gitweb.url repository configuration variable	for that, but the file
	   takes precedence.

	   This	is per-repository enhancement /	version	of global prefix-based
	   @git_base_url_list gitweb configuration variable (see

	   You can use the gitweb.owner	repository configuration variable to
	   set repository's owner. It is displayed in the project list and
	   summary page.

	   If it's not set, filesystem directory's owner is used (via GECOS
	   field, i.e. real name field from getpwuid(3)) if $projects_list is
	   unset (gitweb scans $projectroot for	repositories); if
	   $projects_list points to file with list of repositories, then
	   project owner defaults to value from	this file for given

       various gitweb.*	config variables (in config)
	   Read	description of %feature	hash for detailed list,	and
	   descriptions. See also "Configuring gitweb features"	section	in

       Gitweb can use path_info	(component) based URLs,	or it can pass all
       necessary information via query parameters. The typical gitweb URLs are
       broken down in to five components:


	   The repository the action will be performed on.

	   All actions except for those	that list all available	projects, in
	   whatever form, require this parameter.

	   The action that will	be run.	Defaults to projects_list if repo is
	   not set, and	to summary otherwise.

	   Revision shown. Defaults to HEAD.

	   The path within the <repository> that the action is performed on,
	   for those actions that require it.

	   Any arguments that control the behaviour of the action.

       Some actions require or allow to	specify	two revisions, and sometimes
       even two	pathnames. In most general form	such path_info (component)
       based gitweb URL	looks like this:


       Each action is implemented as a subroutine, and must be present in
       %actions	hash. Some actions are disabled	by default, and	must be	turned
       on via feature mechanism. For example to	enable blame view add the
       following to gitweb configuration file:

	   $feature{'blame'}{'default'}	= [1];

       The standard actions are:

	   Lists the available Git repositories. This is the default command
	   if no repository is specified in the	URL.

	   Displays summary about given	repository. This is the	default
	   command if no action	is specified in	URL, and only repository is

       heads, remotes
	   Lists all local or all remote-tracking branches in given

	   The latter is not available by default, unless configured.

	   List	all tags (lightweight and annotated) in	given repository.

       blob, tree
	   Shows the files and directories in a	given repository path, at
	   given revision. This	is default command if no action	is specified
	   in the URL, and path	is given.

	   Returns the raw data	for the	file in	given repository, at given
	   path	and revision. Links to this action are marked raw.

	   Shows the difference	between	two revisions of the same file.

       blame, blame_incremental
	   Shows the blame (also called	annotation) information	for a file. On
	   a per line basis it shows the revision in which that	line was last
	   changed and the user	that committed the change. The incremental
	   version (which if configured	is used	automatically when JavaScript
	   is enabled) uses Ajax to incrementally add blame info to the
	   contents of given file.

	   This	action is disabled by default for performance reasons.

       commit, commitdiff
	   Shows information about a specific commit in	a repository. The
	   commit view shows information about commit in more detail, the
	   commitdiff action shows changeset for given commit.

	   Returns the commit in plain text mail format, suitable for applying
	   with	git-am(1).

	   Display specific annotated tag (tag object).

       log, shortlog
	   Shows log information (commit message or just commit	subject) for a
	   given branch	(starting from given revision).

	   The shortlog	view is	more compact; it shows one commit per line.

	   Shows history of the	file or	directory in a given repository	path,
	   starting from given revision	(defaults to HEAD, i.e.	default

	   This	view is	similar	to shortlog view.

       rss, atom
	   Generates an	RSS (or	Atom) feed of changes to repository.

       This section explains how to configure some common webservers to	run
       gitweb. In all cases, /path/to/gitweb in	the examples is	the directory
       you ran installed gitweb	in, and	contains gitweb_config.perl.

       If you've configured a web server that isn't listed here	for gitweb,
       please send in the instructions so they can be included in a future

   Apache as CGI
       Apache must be configured to support CGI	scripts	in the directory in
       which gitweb is installed. Let's	assume that it is /var/www/cgi-bin

	   ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

	   <Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
	       Options Indexes FollowSymlinks ExecCGI
	       AllowOverride None
	       Order allow,deny
	       Allow from all

       With that configuration the full	path to	browse repositories would be:


   Apache with mod_perl, via ModPerl::Registry
       You can use mod_perl with gitweb. You must install Apache::Registry
       (for mod_perl 1.x) or ModPerl::Registry (for mod_perl 2.x) to enable
       this support.

       Assuming	that gitweb is installed to /var/www/perl, the following
       Apache configuration (for mod_perl 2.x) is suitable.

	   Alias /perl "/var/www/perl"

	   <Directory "/var/www/perl">
	       SetHandler perl-script
	       PerlResponseHandler ModPerl::Registry
	       PerlOptions +ParseHeaders
	       Options Indexes FollowSymlinks +ExecCGI
	       AllowOverride None
	       Order allow,deny
	       Allow from all

       With that configuration the full	path to	browse repositories would be:


   Apache with FastCGI
       Gitweb works with Apache	and FastCGI. First you need to rename, copy or
       symlink gitweb.cgi to gitweb.fcgi. Let's	assume that gitweb is
       installed in /usr/share/gitweb directory. The following Apache
       configuration is	suitable (UNTESTED!)

	   FastCgiServer /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
	   ScriptAlias /gitweb /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi

	   Alias /gitweb/static	/usr/share/gitweb/static
	   <Directory /usr/share/gitweb/static>
	       SetHandler default-handler

       With that configuration the full	path to	browse repositories would be:


       All of those examples use request rewriting, and	need mod_rewrite (or
       equivalent; examples below are written for Apache).

   Single URL for gitweb and for fetching
       If you want to have one URL for both gitweb and your http://
       repositories, you can configure Apache like this:

	   <VirtualHost	*:80>
	       DocumentRoot  /pub/git
	       SetEnv	     GITWEB_CONFIG   /etc/gitweb.conf

	       # turning on mod	rewrite
	       RewriteEngine on

	       # make the front	page an	internal rewrite to the	gitweb script
	       RewriteRule ^/$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi

	       # make access for "dumb clients"	work
	       RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
			   /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]

       The above configuration expects your public repositories	to live	under
       /pub/git	and will serve them as,	both as	clonable Git URL and
       as browseable gitweb interface. If you then start your git-daemon(1)
       with --base-path=/pub/git --export-all then you can even	use the	git://
       URL with	exactly	the same path.

       Setting the environment variable	GITWEB_CONFIG will tell	gitweb to use
       the named file (i.e. in this example /etc/gitweb.conf) as a
       configuration for gitweb. You don't really need it in above example; it
       is required only	if your	configuration file is in different place than
       built-in	(during	compiling gitweb) gitweb_config.perl or
       /etc/gitweb.conf. See gitweb.conf(5) for	details, especially
       information about precedence rules.

       If you use the rewrite rules from the example you might also need
       something like the following in your gitweb configuration file
       (/etc/gitweb.conf following example):

	   @stylesheets	= ("/some/absolute/path/gitweb.css");
	   $my_uri    =	"/";
	   $home_link =	"/";
	   $per_request_config = 1;

       Nowadays	though gitweb should create HTML base tag when needed (to set
       base URI	for relative links), so	it should work automatically.

   Webserver configuration with	multiple projects' root
       If you want to use gitweb with several project roots you	can edit your
       Apache virtual host and gitweb configuration files in the following

       The virtual host	configuration (in Apache configuration file) should
       look like this:

	   <VirtualHost	*:80>
	       DocumentRoot  /pub/git
	       SetEnv	     GITWEB_CONFIG  /etc/gitweb.conf

	       # turning on mod	rewrite
	       RewriteEngine on

	       # make the front	page an	internal rewrite to the	gitweb script
	       RewriteRule ^/$	/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi  [QSA,L,PT]

	       # look for a public_git folder in unix users' home
	       RewriteRule ^/\~([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$   /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \

	       #RewriteRule ^/\+([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \

	       #RewriteRule ^/user/([^\/]+)/(gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \

	       # defined list of project roots
	       RewriteRule ^/scm(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
	       RewriteRule ^/var(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \

	       # make access for "dumb clients"	work
	       RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
			   /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]

       Here actual project root	is passed to gitweb via	GITWEB_PROJECT_ROOT
       environment variable from a web server, so you need to put the
       following line in gitweb	configuration file (/etc/gitweb.conf in	above

	   $projectroot	= $ENV{'GITWEB_PROJECTROOT'} ||	"/pub/git";

       Note that this requires to be set for each request, so either
       $per_request_config must	be false, or the above must be put in code
       referenced by $per_request_config;

       These configurations enable two things. First, each unix	user (<user>)
       of the server will be able to browse through gitweb Git repositories
       found in	~/public_git/ with the following url:<user>/

       If you do not want this feature on your server just remove the second
       rewrite rule.

       If you already use `mod_userdir`	in your	virtual	host or	you don't want
       to use the '~' as first character, just comment or remove the second
       rewrite rule, and uncomment one of the following	according to what you

       Second, repositories found in /pub/scm/ and /var/git/ will be
       accessible through and You	can add	as many	project	roots as you
       want by adding rewrite rules like the third and the fourth.

   PATH_INFO usage
       If you enable PATH_INFO usage in	gitweb by putting

	   $feature{'pathinfo'}{'default'} = [1];

       in your gitweb configuration file, it is	possible to set	up your	server
       so that it consumes and produces	URLs in	the form

       i.e. without gitweb.cgi part, by	using a	configuration such as the
       following. This configuration assumes that /var/www/gitweb is the
       DocumentRoot of your webserver, contains	the gitweb.cgi script and
       complementary static files (stylesheet, favicon,	JavaScript):

	   <VirtualHost	*:80>

		   DocumentRoot	/var/www/gitweb

		   <Directory /var/www/gitweb>
			   Options ExecCGI
			   AddHandler cgi-script cgi

			   DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi

			   RewriteEngine On
			   RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
			   RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
			   RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]

       The rewrite rule	guarantees that	existing static	files will be properly
       served, whereas any other URL will be passed to gitweb as PATH_INFO

       Notice that in this case	you don't need special settings	for
       @stylesheets, $my_uri and $home_link, but you lose "dumb	client"	access
       to your project .git dirs (described in "Single URL for gitweb and for
       fetching" section). A possible workaround for the latter	is the
       following: in your project root dir (e.g. /pub/git) have	the projects
       named without a .git extension (e.g. /pub/git/project instead of
       /pub/git/project.git) and configure Apache as follows:

	   <VirtualHost	*:80>

		   DocumentRoot	/var/www/gitweb

		   AliasMatch ^(/.*?)(\.git)(/.*)?$ /pub/git$1$3
		   <Directory /var/www/gitweb>
			   Options ExecCGI
			   AddHandler cgi-script cgi

			   DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi

			   RewriteEngine On
			   RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
			   RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
			   RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]

       The additional AliasMatch makes it so that

       will give raw access to the project's Git dir (so that the project can
       be cloned), while

       will provide human-friendly gitweb access.

       This solution is	not 100% bulletproof, in the sense that	if some
       project has a named ref (branch,	tag) starting with git/, then paths
       such as

       will fail with a	404 error.

       Please report any bugs or feature requests to[1],
       putting "gitweb"	in the subject of email.

       gitweb.conf(5), git-instaweb(1)

       gitweb/README, gitweb/INSTALL

       Part of the git(1) suite


Git 2.30.1			  02/08/2021			     GITWEB(1)


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help