Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
LINKS(1)		    General Commands Manual		      LINKS(1)

       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW	browser

       links [options] URL

       links is	a text mode WWW	browser, supporting colors, correct table ren-
       dering, background downloading, menu driven configuration interface and
       slim code.

       Frames  are  supported.	You can	have different file formats associated
       with external viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported	 via  external

       links can handle	local (file://)	or remote (http://, ftp:// or https://
       if there's compiled-in SSL support) URLs.

       Most options can	be set in the user interface or	config file,  so  usu-
       ally you	do not need to care about them.

	      Restrict	links  so that it can run on an	anonymous account.  No
	      local file browsing. No downloads. Executing of viewers  is  al-
	      lowed,  but  user	can't add or modify entries in association ta-

       -assume-codepage	_codepage_
	      Use the given codepage when the  webpage	did  not  specify  its
	      codepage.	(default: ISO 8859-1)

       -async-dns _0_/_1_
	      Asynchronous DNS resolver	on(1)/off(0). Default is on.

       -base-session _number_
	      Linkses  are  connecting	together, forming sessions by default.
	      Normally,	there's	only one session with number 0.	In  this  way,
	      you  can	make  him to form more sessions	at once. See also -no-
	      connect option.

       -download-dir _path_
	      Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -download-utime _0_/_1_
	      Set time of download files on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -dump  Write a plain-text version of the	given HTML document to stdout.

       -format-cache-size _num_
	      Number of	formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -ftp.anonymous-password _password_
	      Use this as the password for anonymous ftp sites.

       -ftp-proxy _host:port_
	      Host and port number of the  FTP	proxy,	or  blank.   (default:

       -help  Print a help screen.

       -http-bugs.http10 _0_/_1_
	      Turn use of HTTP/1.0 on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist _0_/_1_
	      Turn blacklist of	buggy servers on(1)/off(0). Default is on.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect _0_/_1_
	      Turn broken redirect 302 (violates RFC, but compatible with Net-
	      scape) on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-bugs.bug_post-no-keepalive	_0_/_1_
	      Turn no keepalive	connection after POST request (for some	 buggy
	      PHP databases) on(1)/off(0). Default is off.

       -http-proxy _host:port_
	      Host  and	 port  number  of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

       -language _langname_
	      Language to use in user interface.

       -max-connections	_max_
	      Maximum number of	concurrent connections.	 (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host	_max_
	      Maximum number of	concurrent connection to a given  host.	  (de-
	      fault: 2)

       -memory-cache-size _Kbytes_
	      Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -width _size_
	      Size  of	screen	in characters, used in combination with	-dump.
	      (default:	80)

	      Runs links as a separate instance	- instead of connecting	to ex-
	      isting  instance.	Prevents him to	connecting to an existing ses-
	      sion.  See also -base-session option.

       -receive-timeout	_sec_
	      Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -retries	_retry_
	      Number of	retries.  (default: 3)

	      Write the	given HTML document in source form to stdout.

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout _sec_
	      Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

	      Print the	links version number and exit.

       You may optionally prefix each of this keys with	a number, telling  its
       repeat  count  (how  much  times	 to do it). You	can also re-bind those
       keys, altough this feature is still in the state	of testing, so undocu-
       mented.	The keys you may use for navigation are:

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

       B      page up

	      next link/down

	      prev link/up

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^C     copy to clipboard

       INS    scroll up

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

	      enter link/press button

       ENTER  enter link/press button

	      go back

       d      download link

       D      download link

       /      search in	the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next	match

       N      find next	match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       F      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      go to the	current	URL

       a      add a new	bookmark

       A      add a new	bookmark

       s      bookmark manager

       S      bookmark manager

       q      quit

       Q      quit

       =      document information

       |      header information

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view

       *      toggle display of	images

       TAB    next frame

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu

       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a	URL:

	      move right

	      move left

       HOME   jump to the beginning

       ^A     jump to the beginning

       END    jump to the end

       ^E     jump to the end

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^X     cut to clipboard

       ^V     paste from clipboard

       ENTER  enter line

	      delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to	the end	of the line

       ^W     auto complete line

	      The location of ".links/"

	      Homepage location	(as in lynx )

	      The  command to run when selecting "File/New window" and if DIS-
	      PLAY is defined (default "xterm -e")

	      The command to run  when	selecting  "File/New  window"  and  if
	      TWDISPLAY	is defined (default "twterm -e")

       SHELL  Used for "File/OS	Shell" menu

	      Used for "File/OS	Shell" menu in DOS/Windows

	      Per-user	config file, automatically created by links.  Its for-
	      mat is same as the one of	user.cfg.

	      Per-user config file, automatically created by links.   It  con-
	      tains  HTML  rendering options. Its format is same as the	one of

	      Per-user config file, not	overwritten while saving links config-
	      uration.	You can	add your own options there (e.g. keybindings).
	      Each line	consists from option name (same	 as  the  command-line
	      one,  but	 without leading dash and with dashes converted	to un-
	      derscores), space, and its value,	in quotes if  it's  a  string.
	      Lines which start	with # are considered as comments and skipped.

	      Bookmarks	file

	      Sites history file

	      Internal links socket for	communication between its instances.

       links is	known to work on Linux,	FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX,
       Digital Unix, AIX, OS/2 and BeOS.  Port for Win32 is in state  of  beta

       Can't  connect  to  some	 FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays in
       "Request	sent" state.

       Frames don't work if there're more frames with same name. Turn them off
       in such case.

       You can't upload	large files; it	takes _lots_ of	memory.

       You shouldn't press '^Z'	when you are in	a viewer

       Please  report  any other bugs you find to Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@ar-> or to links mailing list	<links-list@linuxfrom->.

       links  is free software;	you can	redistribute it	and/or modify it under
       the terms of the	GNU General Public License as published	 by  the  Free
       Software	 Foundation;  either version 2 of the License, or (at your op-
       tion) any later version.

       links   was   written   by    Mikulas	Patocka	   <mikulas@artax.kar->.   See	file  AUTHORS in the source tree for a list of
       people contributing to this project.

       The homepage of links can be found at

       This manual page	was written by Peter  Gervai  <>,	 using
       excerpts	 from a	(yet?) unknown links fan for the Debian	GNU/Linux sys-
       tem (but	may be used by others).	 Contributions from Francis A.	Holop.
       Extended,   clarified   and   made   more  up-to-date  by  Petr	Baudis

       lynx(1),	w3m(1),	wget(1)

				   Oct,	2001			      LINKS(1)


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help