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LOCATE(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		     LOCATE(1)

     locate -- find filenames quickly

     locate [-Scims] [-l limit]	[-d database] pattern ...

     The locate	program	searches a database for	all pathnames which match the
     specified pattern.	 The database is recomputed periodically (usually
     weekly or daily), and contains the	pathnames of all files which are pub-
     licly accessible.

     Shell globbing and	quoting	characters ("*", "?", "\", "[" and "]")	may be
     used in pattern, although they will have to be escaped from the shell.
     Preceding any character with a backslash ("\") eliminates any special
     meaning which it may have.	 The matching differs in that no characters
     must be matched explicitly, including slashes ("/").

     As	a special case,	a pattern containing no	globbing characters ("foo") is
     matched as	though it were "*foo*".

     Historically, locate only stored characters between 32 and	127.  The cur-
     rent implementation store any character except newline (`\n') and NUL
     (`\0').  The 8-bit	character support doesn't waste	extra space for	plain
     ASCII file	names.	Characters less	than 32	or greater than	127 are	stored
     in	2 bytes.

     The following options are available:

     -S		 Print some statistic about the	database and exit.

     -c		 Suppress normal output; instead print a count of matching
		 file names.

     -d	database
		 Search	in database instead the	default	file name database.
		 Multiple -d options are allowed.  Each	additional -d option
		 adds the specified database to	the list of databases to be

		 The option database may be a colon-separated list of data-
		 bases.	 A single colon	is a reference to the default data-

		 $ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb: foo

		 will first search string "foo"	in $HOME/lib/mydb and then in

		 $ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb::/cdrom/locate.database foo

		 will first search string "foo"	in $HOME/lib/mydb and then in
		 /var/db/locate.database and then in /cdrom/locate.database.

		 $ locate -d db1 -d db2	-d db3 pattern

		 is the	same as

		 $ locate -d db1:db2:db3 pattern


		 "$ locate -d db1:db2 -d db3 pattern".

		 If - is given as the database name, standard input will be
		 read instead.	For example, you can compress your database
		 and use:

		 $ zcat	database.gz | locate -d	- pattern

		 This might be useful on machines with a fast CPU and little
		 RAM and slow I/O.  Note: you can only use one pattern for

     -i		 Ignore	case distinctions in both the pattern and the data-

     -l	number	 Limit output to number	of file	names and exit.

     -m		 Use mmap(2) instead of	the stdio(3) library.  This is the de-
		 fault behavior	and is faster in most cases.

     -s		 Use the stdio(3) library instead of mmap(2).

     /var/db/locate.database	      locate database
     /usr/libexec/locate.updatedb     Script to	update the locate database
     /etc/periodic/weekly/310.locate  Script that starts the database rebuild

     LOCATE_PATH  path to the locate database if set and not empty, ignored if
		  the -d option	was specified.

     find(1), whereis(1), which(1), fnmatch(3),	locate.updatedb(8)

     Woods, James A., "Finding Files Fast", ;login, 8:1, pp. 8-10, 1983.

     The locate	command	first appeared in 4.4BSD.  Many	new features were
     added in FreeBSD 2.2.

     The locate	program	may fail to list some files that are present, or may
     list files	that have been removed from the	system.	 This is because lo-
     cate only reports files that are present in the database, which is	typi-
     cally only	regenerated once a week	by the /etc/periodic/weekly/310.locate
     script.  Use find(1) to locate files that are of a	more transitory	na-

     The locate	database was built by user "nobody".  The find(1) utility
     skips directories,	which are not readable for user	"nobody", group
     "nobody", or world.  E.g. if your HOME directory is not world-readable,
     all your files are	not in the database.

     The locate	database is not	byte order independent.	 It is not possible to
     share the databases between machines with different byte order.  The cur-
     rent locate implementation	understand databases in	host byte order	or
     network byte order	if both	architectures use the same integer size.  So
     you can read on a FreeBSD/i386 machine (little endian) a locate database
     which was built on	SunOS/sparc machine (big endian, net).

     The locate	utility	does not recognize multibyte characters.

BSD				 July 23, 2004				   BSD


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