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LOGIN(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      LOGIN(1)

     login -- log into the computer

     login [-fp] [-h hostname] [user]

     The login utility logs users (and pseudo-users) into the computer system.

     If	no user	is specified, or if a user is specified	and authentication of
     the user fails, login prompts for a user name.  Authentication of users
     is	done via passwords.

     The options are as	follows:

     -f	     The -f option is used when	a user name is specified to indicate
	     that proper authentication	has already been done and that no
	     password need be requested.  This option may only be used by the
	     super-user	or when	an already logged in user is logging in	as

     -h	     The -h option specifies the host from which the connection	was
	     received.	It is used by various daemons such as telnetd(8).
	     This option may only be used by the super-user.

     -p	     By	default, login discards	any previous environment.  The -p op-
	     tion disables this	behavior.

     If	the file /var/run/nologin exists, login	displays its contents to the
     user and exits.  This is used by shutdown(8) to prevent users from	log-
     ging in when the system is	about to go down.

     If	the file /etc/login.access exists, login checks	to see if the user and
     host pair are specifically	allowed	or denied access.  Login access	may
     also be controlled	via the	login class, which provides allow and deny
     records based on time, tty	and remote host	name.

     If	the file /etc/fbtab exists, login changes the protection and ownership
     of	certain	devices	specified in this file.

     If	the file /etc/skeykeys exists, login will offer	S/key password valida-
     tion if the user has an entry in the file.	 /etc/skey.access controls
     from which	hosts and/or networks the use of S/key passwords are obli-

     Immediately after logging a user in, login	displays the system copyright
     notice, the date and time the user	last logged in,	the message of the day
     as	well as	other information.  If the file	".hushlogin" exists in the
     user's home directory, all	of these messages are suppressed.  This	is to
     simplify logins for non-human users, such as uucp(1).  The	login utility
     then records an entry in the wtmp(5) and utmp(5) files and	executes the
     user's command interpreter.

     The login utility enters information into the environment (see
     environ(7)) specifying the	user's home directory (HOME), command inter-
     preter (SHELL), search path (PATH), terminal type (TERM) and user name
     (both LOGNAME and USER).  Other environment variables may be set due to
     entries in	the login class	capabilities database, for the login class as-
     signed in the user's system passwd	record.	 The login class also controls
     the maximum and current process resource limits granted to	a login,
     process priorities	and many other aspects of a user's login environment.

     Some shells may provide a builtin login command which is similar or iden-
     tical to this utility.  Consult the builtin(1) manual page.

     /etc/fbtab		changes	device protections
     /etc/login.access	login access control table
     /etc/login.conf	login class capabilities database
     /etc/motd		message-of-the-day
     /var/run/nologin	disallows logins
     /etc/skey.access	skey password control table
     /etc/skeykeys	skey password database
     /var/run/utmp	current	logins
     /var/log/lastlog	last login account records
     /var/log/wtmp	login account records
     /var/mail/user	system mailboxes
     .hushlogin		makes login quieter
     /etc/auth.conf	configure authentication services
     /etc/pam.conf	if login is configured with PAM	support, it uses
			/etc/pam.conf entries with service name	"login"

     builtin(1), chpass(1), csh(1), passwd(1), rlogin(1), skey(1), getpass(3),
     fbtab(5), login.access(5),	login.conf(5), nologin(5), skey.access(5),
     utmp(5), environ(7), nologin(8), pam(8)

     A login utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T	UNIX.

BSD				  May 5, 1994				   BSD


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