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LPR(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			LPR(1)

     lpr -- off	line print

     lpr [-cdfghlmnopqRrstv] [-1234 font] [-# num] [-C class] [-i numcols]
	 [-J job] [-P printer] [-T title] [-U user] [-w	num] [name ...]

     lpr uses a	spooling daemon	to print the named files when facilities be-
     come available.  If no names appear, the standard input is	assumed.

     The following single letter options are used to notify the	line printer
     spooler that the files are	not standard text files.  The spooling daemon
     will use the appropriate filters to print the data	accordingly.

     -c	     The files are assumed to contain data produced by cifplot

     -d	     The files are assumed to contain data from	tex (DVI format	from

     -f	     Use a filter which	interprets the first character of each line as
	     a standard	FORTRAN	carriage control character.

     -g	     The files are assumed to contain standard plot data as produced
	     by	the plot routines (see also plot for the filters used by the
	     printer spooler).

     -l	     Use a filter which	allows control characters to be	printed	and
	     suppresses	page breaks.

     -n	     The files are assumed to contain data from	ditroff	(device	inde-
	     pendent troff).

     -o	     The files are assumed to be in postscript format.

     -p	     Use pr(1) to format the files (equivalent to print).

     -t	     The files are assumed to contain data from	troff(1) (cat photo-
	     typesetter	commands).

     -v	     The files are assumed to contain a	raster image for devices like
	     the Benson	Varian.

     These options apply to the	handling of the	print job:

     -h	     Suppress the printing of the burst	page.

     -m	     Send mail upon completion.

     -P	     Force output to a specific	printer.  Normally, the	default
	     printer is	used (site dependent), or the value of the environment
	     variable PRINTER is used.

     -q	     Queue the print job but do	not start the spooling daemon.

     -r	     Remove the	file upon completion of	spooling or upon completion of
	     printing (with the	-s option).

     -s	     Use symbolic links.  Usually files	are copied to the spool	direc-
	     tory.  The	-s option will use symlink(2) to link data files
	     rather than trying	to copy	them so	large files can	be printed.
	     This means	the files should not be	modified or removed until they
	     have been printed.

     Normally lpr works	silently except	for diagnostic messages.  The follow-
     ing option	changes	this behavior.

     -R	     Writes a message to standard output containing the	unique number
	     which is used to identify this job.  This number can be used to
	     cancel (see lprm(1)) or find the status (see lpq(1)) of the job.

     The remaining options apply to copies, the	page display, and headers:

     -#num   The quantity num is the number of copies desired of each file
	     named.  For example,

		   lpr -#3 foo.c bar.c more.c
	     would result in 3 copies of the file foo.c, followed by 3 copies
	     of	the file bar.c,	etc.  On the other hand,

		   cat foo.c bar.c more.c | lpr	-#3

	     will give three copies of the concatenation of the	files.	Often
	     a site will disable this feature to encourage use of a photo-
	     copier instead.

     -[1234] font
	     Specifies a font to be mounted on font position i.	 The daemon
	     will construct a .railmag file referencing	the font pathname.

     -C	class
	     Job classification	to use on the burst page.  For example,

		   lpr -C EECS foo.c

	     causes the	system name (the name returned by hostname(1)) to be
	     replaced on the burst page	by EECS, and the file foo.c to be

     -i	-numcols
	     The output	is indented by (numcols).

     -J	job  Job name to print on the burst page.  Normally, the first file's
	     name is used.

     -T	title
	     Title name	for pr(1), instead of the file name.

     -U	user
	     User name to print	on the burst page, also	for accounting pur-
	     poses.  This option is only honored if the	real user-id is	daemon
	     (or that specified	in the printcap	file instead of	daemon), and
	     is	intended for those instances where print filters wish to re-
	     queue jobs.

     -wnum   Uses num as the page width	for pr(1).

     If	the following environment variable exists, it is used by lpr:

     PRINTER  Specifies	an alternative default printer.

     /etc/passwd	      Personal identification.
     /etc/printcap	      Printer capabilities data	base.
     /usr/sbin/lpd	      Line printer daemons.
     /var/spool/output/*      Directories used for spooling.
     /var/spool/output/*/cf*  Daemon control files.
     /var/spool/output/*/df*  Data files specified in "cf" files.
     /var/spool/output/*/tf*  Temporary	copies of "cf" files.

     If	you try	to spool too large a file, it will be truncated.  lpr will ob-
     ject to printing binary files.  If	a user other than root prints a	file
     and spooling is disabled, lpr will	print a	message	saying so and will not
     put jobs in the queue.  If	a connection to	lpd(8) on the local machine
     cannot be made, lpr will say that the daemon cannot be started.  Diagnos-
     tics may be printed in the	daemon's log file regarding missing spool
     files by lpd(8).

     lpq(1), lprm(1), pr(1), symlink(2), printcap(5), lpc(8), lpd(8)

     The lpr command appeared in 3BSD.

     Fonts for troff(1)	and tex	reside on the host with	the printer.  It is
     currently not possible to use local font libraries.

BSD			       January 17, 2006				   BSD


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