Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
CAL(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			CAL(1)

     cal, ncal -- displays a calendar and the date of easter

     cal [-jy] [[month]	year]
     cal [-j] -m month [year]
     ncal [-jJpwy] [-s country_code] [[month] year]
     ncal [-Jeo] [year]

     The cal utility displays a	simple calendar	in traditional format and ncal
     offers an alternative layout, more	options	and the	date of	easter.	 The
     new format	is a little cramped but	it makes a year	fit on a 25x80 termi-
     nal.  If arguments	are not	specified, the current month is	displayed.

     The options are as	follows:

     -J	     Display Julian Calendar, if combined with the -e option, display
	     date of easter according to the Julian Calendar.

     -e	     Display date of easter (for western churches).

     -j	     Display Julian days (days one-based, numbered from	January	1).

     -m	month
	     Display the specified month.

     -o	     Display date of orthodox easter (Greek and	Russian	Orthodox

     -p	     Print the country codes and switching days	from Julian to Grego-
	     rian Calendar as they are assumed by ncal.	 The country code as
	     determined	from the local environment is marked with an asterisk.

     -s	country_code
	     Assume the	switch from Julian to Gregorian	Calendar at the	date
	     associated	with the country_code.	If not specified, ncal tries
	     to	guess the switch date from the local environment or falls back
	     to	September 2, 1752.  This was when Great	Britain	and her
	     colonies switched to the Gregorian	Calendar.

     -w	     Print the number of the week below	each week column.

     -y	     Display a calendar	for the	specified year.

     A single parameter	specifies the year (1 -	9999) to be displayed; note
     the year must be fully specified: "cal 89"	will not display a calendar
     for 1989.	Two parameters denote the month	and year; the month is either
     a number between 1	and 12,	or a full or abbreviated name as specified by
     the current locale.  Month	and year default to those of the current sys-
     tem clock and time	zone (so "cal -m 8" will display a calendar for	the
     month of August in	the current year).

     A year starts on Jan 1.

     calendar(3), strftime(3)

     A cal command appeared in Version 5 AT&T UNIX.  The ncal command appeared
     in	FreeBSD	2.2.6.

     The ncal command and manual were written by Wolfgang Helbig

     The assignment of Julian--Gregorian switching dates to country codes is
     historically naive	for many countries.

BSD				March 14, 2009				   BSD


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help