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NEWSYSLOG.CONF(5)	    BSD	File Formats Manual	     NEWSYSLOG.CONF(5)

     newsyslog.conf -- newsyslog(8) configuration file

     The newsyslog.conf	file is	used to	set log	file rotation configuration
     for the newsyslog(8) utility.  Configuration may designate	that logs are
     rotated based on size, last rotation time,	or time	of day.	 The
     newsyslog.conf file can also be used to designate secure permissions to
     log files at rotation time.  During initialization, newsyslog(8) reads a
     configuration file, normally /etc/newsyslog.conf, to determine which logs
     may potentially be	rotated	and archived.  Each line has five mandatory
     fields and	four optional fields, separated	with whitespace.  Blank	lines
     or	lines beginning	with `#' are ignored.  If `#' is placed	in the middle
     of	the line, the `#' character and	the rest of the	line after it is ig-
     nored.  To	prevent	special	meaning, the `#' character may be escaped with
     `\\'; in this case	preceding `\\' is removed and `#' is treated as	an or-
     dinary character.	The fields of the configuration	file are as follows:

	     Name of the system	log file to be archived, or the	literal	string
	     "<default>".  The special default entry will only be used if a
	     log file name is given as a command line argument to
	     newsyslog(8), and if that log file	name is	not matched by any
	     other line	in the configuration file.

	     This optional field specifies the owner and group for the archive
	     file.  The	`:' is essential regardless if the owner or group
	     field is left blank or contains a value.  The field may be	nu-
	     meric, or a name which is present in /etc/passwd or /etc/group.

     mode    Specify the file mode of the log file and archives.

     count   Specify the maximum number	of archive files which may exist.
	     This does not consider the	current	log file.

     size    When the size of the log file reaches size	in kilobytes, the log
	     file will be trimmed as described above.  If this field contains
	     an	asterisk (`*'),	the log	file will not be trimmed based on

     when    The when field may	consist	of an interval,	a specific time, or
	     both.  If the when	field contains an asterisk (`*'), log rotation
	     will solely depend	on the contents	of the size field.  Otherwise,
	     the when field consists of	an optional interval in	hours, usually
	     followed by an `@'-sign and a time	in restricted ISO 8601 format.
	     Additionally, the format may also be constructed with a `$' sign
	     along with	a rotation time	specification of once a	day, once a
	     week, or once a month.

	     If	a time is specified, the log file will only be trimmed if
	     newsyslog(8) is run within	one hour of the	specified time.	 If an
	     interval is specified, the	log file will be trimmed if that many
	     hours have	passed since the last rotation.	 When both a time and
	     an	interval are specified then both conditions must be satisfied
	     for the rotation to take place.

	     There is no provision for the specification of a timezone.	 There
	     is	little point in	specifying an explicit minutes or seconds com-
	     ponent in the current implementation, since the only comparison
	     is	"within	the hour".

	     ISO 8601 restricted time format:

	     The lead-in character for a restricted ISO	8601 time is an	`@'
	     sign.  The	particular format of the time in restricted ISO	8601
	     is: [[[[[cc]yy]mm]dd][T[hh[mm[ss]]]]].  Optional date fields de-
	     fault to the appropriate component	of the current date; optional
	     time fields default to midnight; hence if today is	January	22,
	     1999, the following date specifications are all equivalent:


	     Day, week,	and month time format:

	     The lead-in character for day, week, and month specification is a
	     `$' sign.	The particular format of day, week, and	month specifi-
	     cation is:	[Dhh], [Ww[Dhh]], and [Mdd[Dhh]], respectively.	 Op-
	     tional time fields	default	to midnight.  The ranges for day and
	     hour specifications are:

		   hh	   hours, range	0..23
		   w	   day of week,	range 0..6, 0 =	Sunday
		   dd	   day of month, range 1..31, or one of	the letters
			   `L' or `l' to specify the last day of the month.

	     Some examples:

		   $D0	   rotate every	night at midnight (same	as @T00)
		   $D23	   rotate every	day at 23:00 (same as @T23)
		   $W0D23  rotate every	week on	Sunday at 23:00
		   $W5D16  rotate every	week on	Friday at 16:00
		   $M1D0   rotate at the first day of every month at midnight
			   (i.e., the start of the day;	same as	@01T00)
		   $M5D6   rotate on every 5th day of month at 6:00 (same as

     flags   This optional field is made up of one or more characters that
	     specify any special processing to be done for the log files
	     matched by	this line.  The	following are valid flags:

	     B	     indicates that the	log file is a binary file, or has some
		     special format.  Usually newsyslog(8) inserts an ASCII
		     message into a log	file during rotation.  This message is
		     used to indicate when, and	sometimes why the log file was
		     rotated.  If B is specified, then that informational mes-
		     sage will not be inserted into the	log file.

	     C	     indicates that the	log file should	be created if it does
		     not already exist,	and if the -C option was also speci-
		     fied on the command line.

	     D	     indicates that newsyslog(8) should	set the	UF_NODUMP flag
		     when creating a new version of this log file.  This op-
		     tion would	effect how the dump(8) command treats the log
		     file when making a	file system backup.

	     G	     indicates that the	specified logfile_name is a shell pat-
		     tern, and that newsyslog(8) should	archive	all filenames
		     matching that pattern using the other options on this
		     line.  See	glob(3)	for details on syntax and matching

	     J	     indicates that newsyslog(8) should	attempt	to save	disk
		     space by compressing the rotated log file using bzip2(1).

	     N	     indicates that there is no	process	which needs to be sig-
		     naled when	this log file is rotated.

	     U	     indicates that the	file specified by path_to_pid_file
		     will contain the ID for a process group instead of	a
		     process.  This option also	requires that the first	line
		     in	that file be a negative	value to distinguish it	from a
		     process ID.

	     W	     if	used with the Z	or J flag, this	indicates that
		     newsyslog(8) should wait for previously started compres-
		     sion jobs to complete before starting a new one for this
		     entry.  If	this is	used with the G	flag and if multiple
		     log files match the given pattern,	then newsyslog(8) will
		     compress those logs one by	one.  This ensures that	only
		     one compression job is running at a time.

	     Z	     indicates that newsyslog(8) should	attempt	to save	disk
		     space by compressing the rotated log file using gzip(1).

	     -	     a minus sign will not cause any special processing, but
		     it	can be used as a placeholder to	create a flags field
		     when you need to specify any of the following fields.

	     This optional field specifies the file name containing a daemon's
	     process ID	or to find a group process ID if the U flag was	speci-
	     fied.  If this field is present, a	signal_number is sent the
	     process ID	contained in this file.	 If this field is not present,
	     then a SIGHUP signal will be sent to syslogd(8), unless the N
	     flag has been specified.  This field must start with `/' in order
	     to	be recognized properly.

	     This optional field specifies the signal number that will be sent
	     to	the daemon process (or to all processes	in a process group, if
	     the U flag	was specified).	 If this field is not present, then a
	     SIGHUP signal will	be sent.

     bzip(1), gzip(1), syslog(3), chown(8), newsyslog(8), syslog(8)

     This manual page first appeared in	FreeBSD	4.10.

BSD				 June 3, 2004				   BSD


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