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PKG(7)		   FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual		PKG(7)

     pkg -- a utility for manipulating packages

     pkg <command>
     pkg add [-f] <pkg.txz>
     pkg -N
     pkg bootstrap [-f]

     pkg is the	package	management tool.  It is	used to	manage local packages
     installed from ports(7) and install/upgrade packages from remote reposi-

     To	avoid backwards	incompatibility	issues,	the actual pkg(8) tool is not
     installed in the base system.  The	first time invoked, pkg	will bootstrap
     the real pkg(8) from a remote repository.

     pkg <command>  If pkg(8) is not installed yet, it will be fetched,	have
		    its	signature verified, installed, and then	have the orig-
		    inal command forwarded to it.  If already installed, the
		    command requested will be forwarded	to the real pkg(8).

     pkg add [-f] <pkg.txz>
		    Install pkg(8) from	a local	package	instead	of fetching
		    from remote.  If a pkg.txz.sig file	exists and signature
		    checking is	enabled, then the signature will be verified
		    before installing the package.  If the -f flag is speci-
		    fied, then pkg(8) will be installed	regardless if it is
		    already installed.

     pkg -N	    Do not bootstrap, just determine if	pkg(8) is actually in-
		    stalled or not.  Returns 0 and the number of packages in-
		    stalled if it is, otherwise	1.

     pkg bootstrap [-f]
		    Attempt to bootstrap and do	not forward anything to	pkg(8)
		    after it is	installed.  If the -f flag is specified, then
		    pkg(8) will	be fetched and installed regardless if it is
		    already installed.

     Configuration varies in whether it	is in a	repository configuration file
     or	the global configuration file.

     Repository	configuration can be stored in /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf in	the
     following format:

	   FreeBSD: {
	     url: "pkg+${ABI}/latest",
	     mirror_type: "srv",
	     signature_type: "none",
	     fingerprints: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
	     enabled: yes
     url	     Refer to PACKAGESITE in ENVIRONMENT
     mirror_type     Refer to MIRROR_TYPE in ENVIRONMENT
     signature_type  Refer to SIGNATURE_TYPE in	ENVIRONMENT
     fingerprints    Refer to FINGERPRINTS in ENVIRONMENT
     enabled	     Defines whether this repository should be used or not.
		     Valid values are yes, true, 1, no,	false, 0.

     Global configuration can be stored	in /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf in the fol-
     lowing format:

	   PACKAGESITE:	"pkg+${ABI}/latest",
	   MIRROR_TYPE:	"srv",
	   SIGNATURE_TYPE: "none",
	   FINGERPRINTS: "/usr/share/keys/pkg",
	   REPOS_DIR: ["/etc/pkg", "/usr/local/etc/pkg/repos"]

     Reference ENVIRONMENT for each variable.

     The following environment variables can be	set to override	the settings
     from the pkg.conf file used.

     MIRROR_TYPE	This defines which mirror type should be used.	Valid
			values are SRV,	HTTP, NONE.

     ABI		This defines the ABI for the package to	be installed.
			Default	ABI is determined from /bin/sh.

     ASSUME_ALWAYS_YES	If set,	no confirmation	will be	asked when bootstrap-
			ping pkg(8).

     SIGNATURE_TYPE	If set to FINGERPRINTS then a signature	will be	re-
			quired and validated against known certificate finger-
			prints when bootstrapping pkg(8).

			should be set to the directory path where known	fin-
			gerprints are located.

     PACKAGESITE	The URL	that pkg(8) and	other packages will be fetched

     REPOS_DIR		Comma-separated	list of	directories that should	be
			searched for repository	configuration files.

     Configuration is read from	the files in the listed	order.	This path can
     be	changed	by setting REPOS_DIR.  The last	enabled	repository is the one
     used for bootstrapping pkg(8).




     Some examples are listed here.  The full list of available	commands are
     available in pkg(8) once it is bootstrapped.

     Search for	a package:
	   $ pkg search	perl

     Install a package:
	   % pkg install perl

     List installed packages:
	   $ pkg info

     Upgrade from remote repository:
	   % pkg upgrade

     List non-automatic	packages:
	   $ pkg query -e '%a =	0' %o

     List automatic packages:
	   $ pkg query -e '%a =	1' %o

     Delete an installed package:
	   % pkg delete	perl

     Remove unneeded dependencies:
	   % pkg autoremove

     Change a package from automatic to	non-automatic, which will prevent
     autoremove	from removing it:
	   % pkg set -A	0 perl

     Change a package from non-automatic to automatic, which will make
     autoremove	allow it be removed once nothing depends on it:
	   % pkg set -A	1 perl

     Create package file from an installed package:
	   % pkg create	-o /usr/ports/packages/All perl

     Determine which package installed a file:
	   $ pkg which /usr/local/bin/perl

     Audit installed packages for security advisories:
	   $ pkg audit

     Check installed packages for checksum mismatches:
	   # pkg check -s -a

     Check for missing dependencies:
	   # pkg check -d -a

     ports(7), pkg(8)

     The pkg command first appeared in FreeBSD 9.1.  It	became the default
     package tool in FreeBSD 10.0, replacing the pkg_install suite of tools
     pkg_add(1), pkg_info(1) and pkg_create(1).

FreeBSD	13.0		       December	12, 2013		  FreeBSD 13.0


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