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PORTS(7)	     BSD Miscellaneous Information Manual	      PORTS(7)

     ports -- contributed applications

     The FreeBSD Ports Collection offers a simple way for users	and adminis-
     trators to	install	applications.  Each port contains any patches neces-
     sary to make the original application source code compile and run on BSD.
     Compiling an application is as simple as typing make build	in the port
     directory!	 The Makefile automatically fetches the	application source
     code, either from a local disk or via FTP,	unpacks	it on your system, ap-
     plies the patches,	and compiles it.  If all goes well, simply type	make
     install to	install	the application.

     It	is possible to download	and use	ports from the FreeBSD repository that
     are newer than the	installed system; however it is	important to install
     the appropriate "Upgrade Kit" from first!
     The portcheckout(1) (ports/ports-mgmt/portcheckout) script	(also a	port,
     of	course!) will help to download new ports.

     For more information about	using ports, see "Packages and Ports" in The
     FreeBSD Handbook,
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html or
     For information about creating new	ports, see The Porter's	Handbook
     (file:/usr/share/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/porters-handbook/index.html or

     Some of the targets work recursively through subdirectories.  This	lets
     you, for example, install all of the "biology" ports.  The	targets	that
     do	this are build,	checksum, clean, configure, depends, extract, fetch,
     install, and package.

     The following targets will	be run automatically by	each proceeding	target
     in	order.	That is, build will be run (if necessary) by install, and so
     on	all the	way to fetch.  Usually,	you will only use the install target.

     config	Configure OPTIONS for this port	using dialog(1).

		Configure OPTIONS for this port	and all	its dependencies using

     fetch	Fetch all of the files needed to build this port from the
		sites listed in	MASTER_SITES and PATCH_SITES.  See FETCH_CMD,

     checksum	Verify that the	fetched	distfile's checksum matches the	one
		the port was tested against.  Defining NO_CHECKSUM will	skip
		this step.

     depends	Install	(or compile if only compilation	is necessary) any de-
		pendencies of the current port.	 When called by	the extract or
		fetch targets, this is run in piecemeal	as fetch-depends,
		build-depends, etc.  Defining NO_DEPENDS will skip this	step.

     extract	Expand the distfile into a work	directory.

     patch	Apply any patches that are necessary for the port.

     configure	Configure the port.  Some ports	will ask you questions during
		this stage.  See INTERACTIVE and BATCH.

     build	Build the port.	 This is the same as calling the all target.

     install	Install	the port and register it with the package system.
		This is	all you	really need to do.

     The following targets are not run during the normal install process.

     showconfig	      Display OPTIONS config for this port.

		      Display OPTIONS config for this port and all its depen-

     rmconfig	      Remove OPTIONS config for	this port.

		      Remove OPTIONS config for	this port and all its depen-

		      Skip the ports which have	already	had their OPTIONS con-

     fetch-list	      Show list	of files to be fetched in order	to build the

     fetch-recursive  Fetch the	distfiles of the port and all its dependen-

		      Show list	of files that would be retrieved by

     pretty-print-run-depends-list, pretty-print-build-depends-list
		      Print a list of all the compile and run dependencies,
		      and dependencies of those	dependencies.

     missing	      Print a list of missing dependencies to be installed for
		      the port.

     clean	      Remove the expanded source code.	This recurses to de-
		      pendencies unless	NOCLEANDEPENDS is defined.

     distclean	      Remove the port's	distfiles and perform the clean	tar-
		      get.  The	clean portion recurses to dependencies unless
		      NOCLEANDEPENDS is	defined, but the distclean portion
		      never recurses (this is perhaps a	bug).

     reinstall	      Use this to restore a port after using pkg_delete(1)
		      when you should have used	deinstall.

     deinstall	      Remove an	installed port from the	system,	similar	to

     deinstall-all    Remove all installed ports with the same PKGORIGIN from
		      the system.

     package	      Make a binary package for	the port.  The port will be
		      installed	if it has not already been.  The package is a
		      .tbz file	that you can use to install the	port on	other
		      machines with pkg_add(1).	 If the	directory specified by
		      PACKAGES does not	exist, the package will	be put into
		      the current directory.  See PKGREPOSITORY	and PKGFILE.

		      Like package, but	makes a	package	for each depending
		      port as well.

     readmes	      Create a port's README.html.  This can be	used from
		      /usr/ports to create a browsable web of all ports	on
		      your system!

     search	      Search the INDEX file for	the pattern specified by the
		      key (searches the	port name, comment, and	dependencies),
		      name (searches the port name only), path (searches the
		      port path), info (searches the port info), maint
		      (searches	the port maintainer), cat (searches the	port
		      category), bdeps (searches the port build-time depen-
		      dency), rdeps (searches the port run-time	dependency),
		      www (searches the	port web site) make(1) variables, and
		      their exclusion counterparts: xname, xkey	etc.  For ex-
		      ample, one would type:

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=query

		      to find all ports	whose name matches "query".  Results
		      include the matching ports' path,	comment, maintainer,
		      build dependencies, and run dependencies.

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

		      To find all ports	whose names contain "pear-" and	which
		      do not have apache listed	in build-time dependencies.

			    cd /usr/ports && make search name=pear- \

		      To find all ports	whose names contain "pear-", but not
		      "html" or	"http".

			    make search	key=apache display=name,path,info keylim=1

		      To find ports that contain "apache" in either of the
		      name, path, info fields, ignore the rest of the record.

		      By default the search is not case-nsensitive.  In	order
		      to make it case-sensitive	you can	use the	icase vari-

			    make search	name=p5-R icase=0

     quicksearch      Reduced search output.  Only display name, path and

     describe	      Generate a one-line description of each port for use in
		      the INDEX	file.

     maintainer	      Display the port maintainer's email address.

     index	      Create /usr/ports/INDEX, which is	used by	the
		      pretty-print-* and search	targets.  Running the index
		      target will ensure your INDEX file is up to date with
		      your ports tree.

     fetchindex	      Fetch the	INDEX file from	the FreeBSD cluster.

     You can change all	of these.

     PORTSDIR	   Location of the ports tree.	This is	/usr/ports on FreeBSD
		   and OpenBSD,	and /usr/pkgsrc	on NetBSD.

     WRKDIRPREFIX  Where to create any temporary files.	 Useful	if PORTSDIR is
		   read-only (perhaps mounted from a CD-ROM).

     DISTDIR	   Where to find/put distfiles,	normally distfiles/ in

     PACKAGES	   Used	only for the package target; the base directory	for
		   the packages	tree, normally packages/ in PORTSDIR.  If this
		   directory exists, the package tree will be (partially) con-
		   structed.  This directory does not have to exist; if	it
		   does	not, packages will be placed into the current direc-
		   tory, or you	can define one of

		   PKGREPOSITORY  Directory to put the package in.

		   PKGFILE	  The full path	to the package.

     PREFIX	   Where to install things in general (usually /usr/local).

     MASTER_SITES  Primary sites for distribution files	if not found locally.

     PATCH_SITES   Primary locations for distribution patch files if not found

		   If set, go to the master FreeBSD site for all files.

		   Try going to	these sites for	all files and patches, first.

		   Try going to	these sites for	all files and patches, last.

		   Try the download locations in a random order.

     MASTER_SORT   Sort	the download locations according to user supplied pat-
		   tern.  Example:
			 .dk .se .no .de

		   Where to get	INDEX source built on FreeBSD cluster (for
		   fetchindex target).	Defaults to

     FETCHINDEX	   Command to get INDEX	(for fetchindex	target).  Defaults to
		   "fetch -am".

		   If defined, do not let clean	recurse	to dependencies.

     FETCH_CMD	   Command to use to fetch files.  Normally fetch(1).

		   If set, overwrite any existing package registration on the

     MOTIFLIB	   Location of libXm.{a,so}.

     INTERACTIVE   If defined, only operate on a port if it requires interac-

     BATCH	   If defined, only operate on a port if it can	be installed
		   100%	automatically.

		   If defined, disable check for security vulnerabilities us-
		   ing portaudit(1) (ports/ports-mgmt/portaudit) when in-
		   stalling new	ports.

     NO_IGNORE	   If defined, allow installation of ports marked as
		   <FORBIDDEN>.	 The default behavior of the Ports framework
		   is to abort when the	installation of	a forbidden port is
		   attempted.  Of course, these	ports may not work as ex-
		   pected, but if you really know what you are doing and are
		   sure	about installing a forbidden port, then	NO_IGNORE lets
		   you do it.

     PORT_DBDIR	   Directory where the results of configuring OPTIONS are
		   stored.  Defaults to	/var/db/ports.	Each port where
		   OPTIONS have	been configured	will have a uniquely named
		   sub-directory, containing a single file options.

     /usr/ports			The default ports directory (FreeBSD and
     /usr/pkgsrc		The default ports directory (NetBSD).
     /usr/ports/Mk/	The big	Kahuna.

     make(1), pkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1),	pkg_info(1),

     The following are part of the ports collection:

     portaudit(1), portcheckout(1), portlint(1)

     The FreeBSD Handbook. (searchable index of all ports)

     The Ports Collection appeared in FreeBSD 1.0.  It has since spread	to
     NetBSD and	OpenBSD.

     This manual page was originated by	David O'Brien.

     Ports documentation is split over four places --
     /usr/ports/Mk/,	The Porter's Handbook, the "Packages and
     Ports" chapter of The FreeBSD Handbook, and this manual page.

BSD			       January 21, 2008				   BSD


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