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PROCMAILRC(5)		      File Formats Manual		 PROCMAILRC(5)

       procmailrc - procmail rcfile


       For a quick start, see NOTES at the end of the procmail(1) man page.

       The  rcfile  can	 contain a mixture of environment variable assignments
       (some of	which have special meanings to	procmail),  and	 recipes.   In
       their  most  simple appearance, the recipes are simply one line regular
       expressions that	are searched for in the	header of the  arriving	 mail.
       The  first  recipe that matches is used to determine where the mail has
       to go (usually a	file).	If processing falls off	the end	of the rcfile,
       procmail	will deliver the mail to $DEFAULT.

       There  are two kinds of recipes:	delivering and non-delivering recipes.
       If a delivering recipe is found to match, procmail considers  the  mail
       (you  guessed  it) delivered and	will cease processing the rcfile after
       having successfully executed the	action line of the recipe.  If a  non-
       delivering recipe is found to match, processing of the rcfile will con-
       tinue after the action line of this recipe has been executed.

       Delivering recipes are those that cause header and/or body of the  mail
       to  be:	written	 into  a file, absorbed	by a program or	forwarded to a

       Non-delivering recipes are: those that cause the	output of a program or
       filter  to  be  captured	back by	procmail or those that start a nesting

       You can tell procmail to	treat a	delivering recipe as if	it were	a non-
       delivering  recipe  by  specifying the `c' flag on such a recipe.  This
       will make procmail generate a carbon copy of the	mail by	delivering  it
       to this recipe, yet continue processing the rcfile.

       By  using  any  number  of  recipes you can presort your	mail extremely
       straightforward into several mailfolders.  Bear in mind though that the
       mail  can arrive	concurrently in	these mailfolders (if several procmail
       programs	happen to run at the same time,	not unlikely if	a lot of  mail
       arrives).   To  make sure this does not result in a mess, proper	use of
       lockfiles is highly recommended.

       The environment variable	assignments and	recipes	can be	freely	inter-
       mixed  in the rcfile. If	any environment	variable has a special meaning
       to procmail, it will be used appropriately  the	moment	it  is	parsed
       (i.e., you can change the current directory whenever you	want by	speci-
       fying a new MAILDIR, switch lockfiles by	 specifying  a	new  LOCKFILE,
       change the umask	at any time, etc., the possibilities are endless :-).

       The  assignments	 and  substitutions of these environment variables are
       handled exactly like in sh(1) (that includes all	 possible  quotes  and
       escapes),  with the added bonus that blanks around the '=' sign are ig-
       nored and that, if an environment variable appears without  a  trailing
       '=',  it	 will  be  removed from	the environment.  Any program in back-
       quotes started by procmail will have the	entire mail at its stdin.

       A word beginning	with # and all the following characters	up to  a  NEW-
       LINE are	ignored.  This does not	apply to condition lines, which	cannot
       be commented.

       A line starting with ':'	marks the beginning of a recipe.  It  has  the
       following format:

	      :0 [flags] [ : [locallockfile] ]
	      <zero or more conditions (one per	line)>
	      <exactly one action line>

       Conditions start	with a leading `*', everything after that character is
       passed on to the	internal  egrep	 literally,  except  for  leading  and
       trailing	whitespace.  These regular expressions are completely compati-
       ble to the normal egrep(1) extended regular expressions.	 See also  Ex-
       tended regular expressions.

       Conditions  are	anded;	if  there are no conditions the	result will be
       true by default.

       Flags can be any	of the following:

       H    Egrep the header (default).

       B    Egrep the body.

       D    Tell the internal egrep to distinguish  between  upper  and	 lower
	    case (contrary to the default which	is to ignore case).

       A    This recipe	will not be executed unless the	conditions on the last
	    preceding recipe (on the current block-nesting level) without  the
	    `A'	or `a' flag matched as well.  This allows you to chain actions
	    that depend	on a common condition.

       a    Has	the same meaning as the	`A' flag, with the  additional	condi-
	    tion that the immediately preceding	recipe must have been success-
	    fully completed before this	recipe is executed.

       E    This recipe	only executes if the immediately preceding recipe  was
	    not	 executed.  Execution of this recipe also disables any immedi-
	    ately following recipes with the 'E' flag.	 This  allows  you  to
	    specify `else if' actions.

       e    This  recipe  only	executes  if  the immediately preceding	recipe
	    failed (i.e., the action line was attempted, but  resulted	in  an

       h    Feed the header to the pipe, file or mail destination (default).

       b    Feed the body to the pipe, file or mail destination	(default).

       f    Consider the pipe as a filter.

       c    Generate a carbon copy of this mail.  This only makes sense	on de-
	    livering recipes.  The only	non-delivering recipe this flag	has an
	    effect  on	is  on	a nesting block, in order to generate a	carbon
	    copy this will clone the running procmail process (lockfiles  will
	    not	be inherited), whereby the clone will proceed as usual and the
	    parent will	jump across the	block.

       w    Wait for the filter	or program to finish and  check	 its  exitcode
	    (normally  ignored);  if the filter	is unsuccessful, then the text
	    will not have been filtered.

       W    Has	the same meaning as the	`w' flag, but will suppress any	 `Pro-
	    gram failure' message.

       i    Ignore  any	 write	errors on this recipe (i.e., usually due to an
	    early closed pipe).

       r    Raw	mode, do not try to ensure the mail ends with an  empty	 line,
	    write it out as is.

       There  are  some	 special  conditions you can use that are not straight
       regular expressions.  To	select them, the condition must	start with:

       !    Invert the condition.

       $    Evaluate the remainder of this condition according to  sh(1)  sub-
	    stitution  rules  inside  double  quotes, skip leading whitespace,
	    then reparse it.

       ?    Use	the exitcode of	the specified program.

       <    Check if the total length of the mail is shorter than  the	speci-
	    fied (in decimal) number of	bytes.

       >    Analogous to '<'.

       variablename ??
	    Match  the	remainder  of this condition against the value of this
	    environment	variable (which	cannot be a pseudo variable).  A  spe-
	    cial  case	is if variablename is equal to `B', `H', `HB' or `BH';
	    this merely	overrides the default header/body search area  defined
	    by the initial flags on this recipe.

       \    To quote any of the	above at the start of the line.

   Local lockfile
       If you put a second (trailing) ':' on the first recipe line, then proc-
       mail will use a locallockfile (for this recipe only).  You can  option-
       ally  specify  the locallockfile	to use;	if you don't however, procmail
       will use	the destination	filename (or the filename following the	 first
       '>>') and will append $LOCKEXT to it.

   Recipe action line
       The action line can start with the following characters:

       !      Forwards to all the specified mail addresses.

       |      Starts  the  specified program, possibly in $SHELL if any	of the
	      characters $SHELLMETAS are spotted.  You can optionally  prepend
	      this  pipe symbol	with variable=,	which will cause stdout	of the
	      program to be captured in	 the  environment  variable  (procmail
	      will not terminate processing the	rcfile at this point).	If you
	      specify just this	pipe symbol, without any program,  then	 proc-
	      mail will	pipe the mail to stdout.

       {      Followed	by  at	least  one space, tab or newline will mark the
	      start of a nesting block.	 Everything up till the	 next  closing
	      brace  will  depend on the conditions specified for this recipe.
	      Unlimited	nesting	is permitted.  The closing brace exists	merely
	      to delimit the block, it will not	cause procmail to terminate in
	      any way.	If the end of a	block is reached processing will  con-
	      tinue  as	 usual after the block.	 On a nesting block, the flags
	      `H' and `B' only affect the conditions leading up	to the	block,
	      the flags	`h' and	`b' have no effect whatsoever.

       Anything	 else  will be taken as	a mailbox name (either a filename or a
       directory,  absolute  or	 relative  to  the  current   directory	  (see
       MAILDIR)).   If	it  is a (possibly yet nonexistent) filename, the mail
       will be appended	to it.

       If it is	a directory, the mail will be delivered	to  a  newly  created,
       guaranteed  to be unique	file named $MSGPREFIX* in the specified	direc-
       tory.  If the mailbox name ends in "/.",	then this  directory  is  pre-
       sumed  to  be  an MH folder; i.e., procmail will	use the	next number it
       finds available.	 If the	mailbox	name ends in "/", then this  directory
       is  presumed  to	 be  a maildir folder; i.e., procmail will deliver the
       message to a file in a subdirectory named "tmp" and rename it to	be in-
       side  a subdirectory named "new".  If the mailbox is specified to be an
       MH folder or maildir folder, procmail will create the necessary	direc-
       tories  if they don't exist, rather than	treat the mailbox as a non-ex-
       istent filename.	 When procmail is delivering to	directories,  you  can
       specify multiple	directories to deliver to (procmail will do so utilis-
       ing hardlinks).

   Environment variable	defaults
			     Your (the recipient's) defaults

       PATH		     $HOME/bin:/bin :/usr/bin :/usr/local/bin  (Except
			     during  the processing of an /usr/local/etc/proc-
			     mailrc file, when it will be set to `/bin

       SHELLMETAS	     &|<>~;?*[

       SHELLFLAGS	     -c

       ORGMAIL		     /var/mail/$LOGNAME
			     (Unless  -m  has been specified, in which case it
			     is	unset)

       MAILDIR		     $HOME
			     (Unless the name of the first successfully	opened
			     rcfile  starts with `./' or if -m has been	speci-
			     fied, in which case it defaults to	`.')

       DEFAULT		     $ORGMAIL

       MSGPREFIX	     msg.

       SENDMAIL		     /usr/sbin/sendmail

       SENDMAILFLAGS	     -oi

       HOST		     The current hostname

       COMSAT		     no
			     (If an rcfile is specified	on the command line)

       PROCMAIL_VERSION	     3.22

       LOCKEXT		     .lock

       Other cleared or	preset environment variables are IFS, ENV and PWD.

       For security reasons, upon startup procmail will	wipe out all  environ-
       ment variables that are suspected of modifying the behavior of the run-
       time linker.

       Before you get lost in the multitude of environment variables, keep  in
       mind that all of	them have reasonable defaults.

       MAILDIR	   Current  directory  while procmail is executing (that means
		   that	all paths are relative to $MAILDIR).

       DEFAULT	   Default mailbox file	(if not	told otherwise,	procmail  will
		   dump	 mail  in  this	mailbox).  Procmail will automatically
		   use $DEFAULT$LOCKEXT	as lockfile prior to writing  to  this
		   mailbox.   You  do  not need	to set this variable, since it
		   already points to the standard system mailbox.

       LOGFILE	   This	file will also contain any error  or  diagnostic  mes-
		   sages  from	procmail  (normally none :-) or	any other pro-
		   grams started by procmail.  If this file is not  specified,
		   any	diagnostics  or	 error messages	will be	mailed back to
		   the sender.	See also LOGABSTRACT.

       VERBOSE	   You can turn	on extended diagnostics	by setting this	 vari-
		   able	 to `yes' or `on', to turn it off again	set it to `no'
		   or `off'.

       LOGABSTRACT Just	before procmail	exits it logs an abstract of  the  de-
		   livered  message  in	$LOGFILE showing the `From ' and `Sub-
		   ject:' fields of the	header,	what folder it finally went to
		   and	how  long (in bytes) the message was.  By setting this
		   variable to `no',  generation  of  this  abstract  is  sup-
		   pressed.   If you set it to `all', procmail will log	an ab-
		   stract for every successful delivering recipe it processes.

       LOG	   Anything assigned to	this  variable	will  be  appended  to

       ORGMAIL	   Usually  the	 system	 mailbox  (ORiGinal MAILbox).  If, for
		   some	obscure	reason (like `filesystem full')	the mail could
		   not	be  delivered,	then this mailbox will be the last re-
		   sort.  If procmail fails to save the	mail  in  here	(deep,
		   deep	 trouble  :-),	then  the mail will bounce back	to the

       LOCKFILE	   Global semaphore file.  If this file	already	exists,	 proc-
		   mail	 will  wait  until  it has gone	before proceeding, and
		   will	create it  itself  (cleaning  it  up  when  ready,  of
		   course).  If	more than one lockfile are specified, then the
		   previous one	will be	removed	before trying  to  create  the
		   new	one.   The  use	 of  a global lockfile is discouraged,
		   whenever possible use locallockfiles	(on a per  recipe  ba-
		   sis)	instead.

       LOCKEXT	   Default extension that is appended to a destination file to
		   determine what local	lockfile to use	(only if turned	on, on
		   a per-recipe	basis).

       LOCKSLEEP   Number  of seconds procmail will sleep before retrying on a
		   lockfile (if	it already existed); if	not specified, it  de-
		   faults to 8 seconds.

       LOCKTIMEOUT Number of seconds that have to have passed since a lockfile
		   was last modified/created before procmail decides that this
		   must	 be  an	 erroneously leftover lockfile that can	be re-
		   moved by force now.	If zero, then no timeout will be  used
		   and	procmail  will	wait forever until the lockfile	is re-
		   moved; if not specified, it defaults	to 1024	seconds.  This
		   variable  is	 useful	to prevent indefinite hangups of send-
		   mail/procmail.  Procmail is immune to clock skew across ma-

       TIMEOUT	   Number  of seconds that have	to have	passed before procmail
		   decides that	some child it started must  be	hanging.   The
		   offending  program  will  receive  a	 TERMINATE signal from
		   procmail, and processing of the rcfile will	continue.   If
		   zero,  then	no timeout will	be used	and procmail will wait
		   forever until the child has terminated; if  not  specified,
		   it defaults to 960 seconds.

       MSGPREFIX   Filename prefix that	is used	when delivering	to a directory
		   (not	used when delivering to	a maildir or an	MH directory).

       HOST	   If this is not the hostname of the machine,	processing  of
		   the current rcfile will immediately cease. If other rcfiles
		   were	specified on the command line,	processing  will  con-
		   tinue with the next one.  If	all rcfiles are	exhausted, the
		   program will	terminate, but	will  not  generate  an	 error
		   (i.e.,  to  the  mailer it will seem	that the mail has been

       UMASK	   The name says it all	(if it doesn't,	then forget about this
		   one	:-).   Anything	assigned to UMASK is taken as an octal
		   number.  If not specified, the umask	defaults to  077.   If
		   the	umask permits o+x, all the mailboxes procmail delivers
		   to directly will receive an o+x mode	change.	 This  can  be
		   used	to check if new	mail arrived.

       SHELLMETAS  If  any of the characters in	SHELLMETAS appears in the line
		   specifying a	filter or program, the line  will  be  fed  to
		   $SHELL instead of being executed directly.

       SHELLFLAGS  Any invocation of $SHELL will be like:
		   "$SHELL" "$SHELLFLAGS" "$*";

       SENDMAIL	   If  you're  not  using  the forwarding facility don't worry
		   about this one.  It specifies the program being  called  to
		   forward any mail.
		   It gets invoked as: "$SENDMAIL" $SENDMAILFLAGS "$@";

       NORESRETRY  Number of retries that are to be made if any	`process table
		   full', `file	table full', `out of memory' or	`out  of  swap
		   space'  error  should  occur.   If this number is negative,
		   then	procmail will retry indefinitely; if not specified, it
		   defaults  to	 4  times.   The retries occur with a $SUSPEND
		   second interval.  The idea behind this is  that  if,	 e.g.,
		   the	swap  space has	been exhausted or the process table is
		   full, usually several other	programs  will	either	detect
		   this	 as well and abort or crash 8-), thereby freeing valu-
		   able	resources for procmail.

       SUSPEND	   Number of seconds that procmail will	pause  if  it  has  to
		   wait	 for  something	that is	currently unavailable (memory,
		   fork, etc.);	if not specified, it will default to  16  sec-
		   onds.  See also: LOCKSLEEP.

       LINEBUF	   Length  of the internal line	buffers, cannot	be set smaller
		   than	128.  All lines	read from the rcfile should not	exceed
		   $LINEBUF  characters	 before	 and  after expansion.	If not
		   specified, it defaults to 2048.   This  limit,  of  course,
		   does	not apply to the mail itself, which can	have arbitrary
		   line	lengths, or could be a binary file  for	 that  matter.

       DELIVERED   If  set  to `yes' procmail will pretend (to the mail	agent)
		   the mail has	been delivered.	 If mail cannot	 be  delivered
		   after  having  met this assignment (set to `yes'), the mail
		   will	be lost	(i.e., it will not bounce).

       TRAP	   When	procmail terminates of its own accord and not  because
		   it  received	a signal, it will execute the contents of this
		   variable.  A	copy of	the mail can be	read from stdin.   Any
		   output  produced  by	this command will be appended to $LOG-
		   FILE.  Possible uses	for TRAP  are:	removal	 of  temporary
		   files,  logging  customised abstracts, etc.	See also EXIT-

       EXITCODE	   By default, procmail	returns	an exitcode of zero  (success)
		   if  it  successfully	 delivered  the	message	or if the HOST
		   variable was	misset and there were no more rcfiles  on  the
		   command  line;  otherwise it	returns	failure.  Before doing
		   so, procmail	examines the value of this variable.  If it is
		   set	to a positive numeric value, procmail will instead use
		   that	value as its exitcode.	If this	variable  is  set  but
		   empty  and  TRAP  is	set, procmail will set the exitcode to
		   whatever the	TRAP program returns.  If this variable	is not
		   set,	 procmail  will	 set  it shortly before	calling	up the
		   TRAP	program.

       LASTFOLDER  This	variable is assigned to	by procmail whenever it	is de-
		   livering  to	 a  folder or program.	It always contains the
		   name	of the last file (or program) procmail	delivered  to.
		   If  the  last delivery was to several directory folders to-
		   gether then $LASTFOLDER will	contain	the  hardlinked	 file-
		   names as a space separated list.

       MATCH	   This	 variable  is  assigned	 to by procmail	whenever it is
		   told	to extract text	from a	matching  regular  expression.
		   It  will  contain  all text matching	the regular expression
		   past	the `\/' token.

       SHIFT	   Assigning a positive	value to this variable	has  the  same
		   effect  as  the  `shift' command in sh(1).  This command is
		   most	useful to extract extra	arguments passed  to  procmail
		   when	acting as a generic mailfilter.

       INCLUDERC   Names  an  rcfile (relative to the current directory) which
		   will	be included here as if it were part of the current rc-
		   file.  Nesting is permitted and only	limited	by systems re-
		   sources (memory and file descriptors).  As no  checking  is
		   done	 on  the permissions or	ownership of the rcfile, users
		   of INCLUDERC	should make sure that only trusted users  have
		   write  access to the	included rcfile	or the directory it is
		   in.	Command	line assignments to INCLUDERC have no effect.

       SWITCHRC	   Names an rcfile (relative  to  the  current	directory)  to
		   which  processing  will  be	switched.  If the named	rcfile
		   doesn't exist or is not a normal file or /dev/null then  an
		   error  will	be  logged and processing will continue	in the
		   current rcfile.  Otherwise, processing of the  current  rc-
		   file	 will be aborted and the named rcfile started.	Unset-
		   ting	SWITCHRC aborts	processing of the current rcfile as if
		   it  had  ended  at  the  assignment.	 As with INCLUDERC, no
		   checking is done on the permissions or ownership of the rc-
		   file	and command line assignments have no effect.

		   The version number of the running procmail binary.

		   This	 variable will be set to a non-empty value if procmail
		   detects a buffer overflow.  See the BUGS section below  for
		   other details of operation when overflow occurs.

       COMSAT	   Comsat(8)/biff(1)  notification is on by default, it	can be
		   turned off by setting this variable to `no'.	 Alternatively
		   the	biff-service can be customised by setting it to	either
		   `service@', `@hostname', or `service@hostname'.   When  not
		   specified it	defaults to biff@localhost.

       DROPPRIVS   If  set to `yes' procmail will drop all privileges it might
		   have	had (suid or sgid).  This is only useful if  you  want
		   to	guarantee   that  the  bottom  half  of	 the  /usr/lo-
		   cal/etc/procmailrc file is executed on behalf of the	recip-

   Extended regular expressions
       The  following tokens are known to both the procmail internal egrep and
       the standard egrep(1) (beware that some egrep  implementations  include
       other non-standard extensions):

       ^	 Start of a line.

       $	 End of	a line.

       .	 Any character except a	newline.

       a*	 Any sequence of zero or more a's.

       a+	 Any sequence of one or	more a's.

       a?	 Either	zero or	one a.

       [^-a-d]	 Any  character	which is not either a dash, a, b, c, d or new-

       de|abc	 Either	the sequence `de' or `abc'.

       (abc)*	 Zero or more times the	sequence `abc'.

       \.	 Matches a single dot; use \ to	quote any of the magic charac-
		 ters  to get rid of their special meaning.  See also $\ vari-
		 able substitution.

       These were only samples,	of course, any	more  complex  combination  is
       valid as	well.

       The following token meanings are	special	procmail extensions:

       ^ or $	 Match a newline (for multiline	matches).

       ^^	 Anchor	 the  expression at the	very start of the search area,
		 or if encountered at the end of the expression, anchor	it  at
		 the very end of the search area.

       \< or \>	 Match	the character before or	after a	word.  They are	merely
		 a shorthand for `[^a-zA-Z0-9_]', but can also match newlines.
		 Since they match actual characters, they are only suitable to
		 delimit words,	not to delimit inter-word space.

       \/	 Splits	the expression in two parts.  Everything matching  the
		 right	part  will  be assigned	to the MATCH environment vari-

       Look in the procmailex(5) man page.

       Continued lines in an action line that specifies	a program always  have
       to  end	in a backslash,	even if	the underlying shell would not need or
       want the	backslash to indicate continuation.  This is due  to  the  two
       pass  parsing  process  needed (first procmail, then the	shell (or not,
       depending on SHELLMETAS)).

       Don't put comments on the  regular  expression  condition  lines	 in  a
       recipe, these lines are fed to the internal egrep literally (except for
       continuation backslashes	at the end of a	line).

       Leading whitespace on continued regular expression condition  lines  is
       usually	ignored	 (so  that they	can be indented), but not on continued
       condition lines that are	evaluated according to the sh(1)  substitution
       rules inside double quotes.

       Watch  out  for	deadlocks  when	doing unhealthy	things like forwarding
       mail to your own	account.  Deadlocks can	be broken  by  proper  use  of

       Any  default  values  that  procmail has	for some environment variables
       will always override the	ones that were already defined.	 If you	really
       want  to	 override the defaults,	you either have	to put them in the rc-
       file or on the command line as arguments.

       The /usr/local/etc/procmailrc file cannot change	the PATH setting  seen
       by  user	 rcfiles  as  the  value  is  reset when procmail finishes the
       /usr/local/etc/procmailrc file.	While future enhancements are expected
       in  this	area, recompiling procmail with	the desired value is currently
       the only	correct	solution.

       Environment variables set inside	the shell-interpreted-`|' action  part
       of  a  recipe will not retain their value after the recipe has finished
       since they are set in a subshell	of procmail.  To make sure  the	 value
       of  an  environment variable is retained	you have to put	the assignment
       to the variable before the leading `|' of a recipe, so that it can cap-
       ture stdout of the program.

       If you specify only a `h' or a `b' flag on a delivering recipe, and the
       recipe matches, then, unless the	`c' flag is present as well, the  body
       respectively the	header of the mail will	be silently lost.

       procmail(1), procmailsc(5), procmailex(5), sh(1), csh(1), mail(1),
       mailx(1), binmail(1), uucp(1), aliases(5), sendmail(8), egrep(1),
       regexp(5), grep(1), biff(1), comsat(8), lockfile(1), formail(1)

       The  only substitutions of environment variables	that can be handled by
       procmail	 itself	 are  of  the  type  $name,  ${name},	${name:-text},
       ${name:+text},  ${name-text}, ${name+text}, $\name, $#, $n, $$, $?, $_,
       $- and $=; whereby $\name will be substituted by	the all-magic-regular-
       expression-characters-disarmed  equivalent  of $name, $_	by the name of
       the current rcfile, $- by $LASTFOLDER and $= will contain the score  of
       the  last  recipe.  Furthermore,	the result of $\name substitution will
       never be	split on whitespace.  When the -a or -m	options	are  used,  $#
       will  expand  to	 the  number  of  arguments so specified and "$@" (the
       quotes are required) will expand	to the specified arguments.   However,
       "$@" will only be expanded when used in the argument list to a program,
       and then	only one such occurrence will be expanded.

       Unquoted	variable expansions performed by procmail are always split  on
       space, tab, and newline characters; the IFS variable is not used	inter-

       Procmail	does not support the expansion of `~'.

       A line buffer of	length $LINEBUF	is used	when  processing  the  rcfile,
       any  expansions	that don't fit within this limit will be truncated and
       PROCMAIL_OVERFLOW will be set.  If the overflowing line is a  condition
       or  an action line, then	it will	be considered failed and procmail will
       continue	processing.  If	it is a	variable assignment  or	 recipe	 start
       line then procmail will abort the entire	rcfile.

       If  the	global lockfile	has a relative path, and the current directory
       is not the same as when the global lockfile was created,	then the glob-
       al  lockfile will not be	removed	if procmail exits at that point	(reme-
       dy: use absolute	paths to specify global	lockfiles).

       If an rcfile has	a relative path	and when the rcfile  is	 first	opened
       MAILDIR	contains  a relative path, and if at one point procmail	is in-
       structed	to clone itself	and the	current	directory  has	changed	 since
       the  rcfile  was	opened,	then procmail will not be able to clone	itself
       (remedy:	use an absolute	path to	reference  the	rcfile	or  make  sure
       MAILDIR contains	an absolute path as the	rcfile is opened).

       A  locallockfile	 on  the  recipe that marks the	start of a non-forking
       nested block does not work as expected.

       When capturing stdout from a recipe into	an environment	variable,  ex-
       actly one trailing newline will be stripped.

       Some non-optimal	and non-obvious	regexps	set MATCH to an	incorrect val-
       ue.  The	regexp can be made to work by removing one or more unneeded

       If the regular expression contains `^TO_' it will be substituted	by
       |Apparently(-Resent)?)-To):(.*[^-a-zA-Z0-9_.])?)', which	should catch
       all destination specifications containing a specific address.

       If the regular expression contains `^TO'	it will	be substituted by
       |Apparently(-Resent)?)-To):(.*[^a-zA-Z])?)', which should catch all
       destination specifications containing a specific	word.

       If the regular expression contains `^FROM_DAEMON' it will be substitut-
       ed by `(^(Mailing-List:|Precedence:.*(junk|bulk|list)|To: Multiple
       recipients of |(((Resent-)?(From|Sender)|X-Envelope-From):|>?From
       z0-9][-_a-z0-9]*)?[%@>\t	][^<)]*(\(.*\).*)?)?$([^>]|$)))', which	should
       catch mails coming from most daemons (how's that	for a regular
       expression :-).

       If the regular expression contains `^FROM_MAILER' it will be substitut-
       ed by `(^(((Resent-)?(From|Sender)|X-Envelope-From):|>?From
       ][^<)]*(\(.*\).*)?)?$([^>]|$))' (a stripped down	version	of
       `^FROM_DAEMON'),	which should catch mails coming	from most mailer-

       When assigning boolean values to	variables like VERBOSE,	 DELIVERED  or
       COMSAT, procmail	accepts	as true	every string starting with: a non-zero
       value, `on', `y', `t' or	`e'.  False is every string starting  with:  a
       zero value, `off', `n', `f' or `d'.

       If  the	action line of a recipe	specifies a program, a sole backslash-
       newline pair in it on an	otherwise empty	line will be converted into  a

       The  regular  expression	 engine	 built	into procmail does not support
       named character classes.

       Since unquoted leading whitespace is generally ignored  in  the	rcfile
       you can indent everything to taste.

       The  leading  `|'  on the action	line to	specify	a program or filter is
       stripped	before checking	for $SHELLMETAS.

       Files included with the INCLUDERC directive containing only environment
       variable	assignments can	be shared with sh.

       The  current  behavior  of assignments on the command line to INCLUDERC
       and SWITCHRC is not guaranteed, has been	changed	once already, and  may
       be changed again	or removed in future releases.

       For  really  complicated	processing you can even	consider calling proc-
       mail recursively.

       In the old days,	the `:0' that marks the	beginning of a recipe, had  to
       be  changed  to `:n', whereby `n' denotes the number of conditions that

       Stephen R. van den Berg
       Philip A. Guenther

BuGless				  2001/08/04			 PROCMAILRC(5)


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