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RCORDER(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		    RCORDER(8)

     rcorder --	print a	dependency ordering of interdependent files

     rcorder [-gp] [-k keep] [-s skip] file ...

     The rcorder utility is designed to	print out a dependency ordering	of a
     set of interdependent files.  Typically it	is used	to find	an execution
     sequence for a set	of shell scripts in which certain files	must be	exe-
     cuted before others.

     Each file passed to rcorder must be annotated with	special	lines (which
     look like comments	to the shell) which indicate the dependencies the
     files have	upon certain points in the sequence, known as "conditions",
     and which indicate, for each file,	which "conditions" may be expected to
     be	filled by that file.

     Within each file, a block containing a series of `REQUIRE', `PROVIDE',
     `BEFORE' and `KEYWORD' lines must appear.	The format of the lines	is
     rigid.  Each line must begin with a single	`#', followed by a single
     space, followed by	`PROVIDE:', `REQUIRE:',	`BEFORE:', or `KEYWORD:'.  No
     deviation is permitted.  Each dependency line is then followed by a se-
     ries of conditions, separated by whitespace.  Multiple `PROVIDE',
     `REQUIRE',	`BEFORE' and `KEYWORD' lines may appear, but all such lines
     must appear in a sequence without any intervening lines, as once a	line
     that does not follow the format is	reached, parsing stops.

     The options are as	follows:

     -g	      Produce a	GraphViz (.dot)	of the complete	dependency graph in-
	      stead of plaintext calling order list.

     -k	keep  Add the specified	keyword	to the "keep list".  If	any -k option
	      is given,	only those files containing the	matching keyword are
	      listed.  This option can be specified multiple times.

     -p	      Generate ordering	suitable for parallel startup, placing files
	      that can be executed simultaneously on the same line.

     -s	skip  Add the specified	keyword	to the "skip list".  If	any -s option
	      is given,	files containing the matching keyword are not listed.
	      This option can be specified multiple times.

     An	example	block follows:

	   # REQUIRE: networking syslog
	   # REQUIRE: usr
	   # PROVIDE: dns nscd

     This block	states that the	file in	which it appears depends upon the
     `networking', `syslog', and `usr' conditions, and provides	the `dns' and
     `nscd' conditions.

     A file may	contain	zero `PROVIDE' lines, in which case it provides	no
     conditions, and may contain zero `REQUIRE'	lines, in which	case it	has no
     dependencies.  There must be at least one file with no dependencies in
     the set of	arguments passed to rcorder in order for it to find a starting
     place in the dependency ordering.

     There are several KEYWORDs	in use:

	   firstboot, nojail, nojailvnet, nostart
		     Used by rc(8).

	   resume    Used by /etc/rc.resume (see acpiconf(8))

	   shutdown  Used by rc.shutdown(8).

     Print the dependency ordering of the services from	the base system	and

	   $ rcorder /etc/rc.d/* /usr/local/etc/rc.d/*

     Count the number of services in the base system, which specify the
     shutdown keyword, while skipping those with firstboot and nojailvnet:

	   $ rcorder -k	nostart	-s firstboot -s	nojailvnet /etc/rc.d/*	| wc -l

     The rcorder utility may print one of the following	error messages and
     exit with a non-zero status if it encounters an error while processing
     the file list.

     Requirement %s in file %s has no providers.  No file has a	`PROVIDE' line
     corresponding to a	condition present in a `REQUIRE' line in another file.

     Circular dependency on provision %s in file %s.  A	set of files has a
     circular dependency which was detected while processing the stated	condi-
     tion.  Loop visualization follows this message.

     Circular dependency on file %s.  A	set of files has a circular dependency
     which was detected	while processing the stated file.

     %s	was seen in circular dependencies for %d times.	 Each node that	was a
     part of circular dependency loops reports total number of such encoun-
     ters.  Start with files having biggest counter when fighting with broken

     Direct dependency is drawn	with solid line, `BEFORE' dependency is	drawn
     as	a dashed line.	Each node of a graph represents	an item	from `PROVIDE'
     lines.  In	case there are more than one file providing an item, a list of
     filenames shortened with basename(3) is shown.  Shortened filenames are
     also shown	in case	`PROVIDE' item does not	match file name.

     Edges and nodes where circular dependencies were detected are drawn bold
     red.  If a	file has an item in `REQUIRE' or in `BEFORE' that could	not be
     provided, this missing provider and the requirement will be drawn bold
     red as well.

     acpiconf(8), rc(8), rc.shutdown(8), service(8)

     The rcorder utility appeared in NetBSD 1.5.  rcorder utility first	ap-
     peared in FreeBSD 5.0.

     Written by	Perry E. Metzger <> and Matthew R. Green

     The `REQUIRE' keyword is misleading: It does not describe which daemons
     have to be	running	before a script	will be	started.  It describes which
     scripts must be placed before it in the dependency	ordering.  For exam-
     ple, if your script has a `REQUIRE' on `sshd', it means the script	must
     be	placed after the `sshd'	script in the dependency ordering, not neces-
     sarily that it requires sshd to be	started	or enabled.

FreeBSD	13.0		       September 8, 2020		  FreeBSD 13.0


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