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RE(4)			 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual			 RE(4)

     re	-- RealTek 8139C+/8169/8169S/8110S PCI ethernet	adapter	driver

     device miibus
     device re

     The re driver provides support for	various	NICs based on the RealTek
     RTL8139C+,	RTL8169, RTL8169S and RTL8110S PCI ethernet controllers, in-
     cluding the following:

     o	 Alloy Computer	Products EtherGOLD 1439E 10/100	(8139C+)
     o	 Compaq	Evo N1015v Integrated Ethernet (8139C+)
     o	 Gigabyte 7N400	Pro2 Integrated	Gigabit	Ethernet (8110S)
     o	 Xterasys XN-152 10/100/1000 NIC (8169)

     NICs based	on the 8139C+ are capable of 10	and 100Mbps speeds over	CAT5
     cable. NICs based on the 8169, 8169S and 8110S are	capable	of 10, 100 and
     1000Mbps operation.

     All NICs supported	by the re driver have TCP/IP checksum offload and
     hardware VLAN tagging/insertion features, and use a descriptor-based DMA
     mechanism.	They are also capable of TCP large send	(TCP segmentation off-

     The 8139C+	is a single-chip solution combining both a 10/100 MAC and PHY.
     The 8169 is a 10/100/1000 MAC only, requiring a GMII or TBI external PHY.
     The 8169S and 8110S are single-chip devices containing both a 10/100/1000
     MAC and 10/100/1000 copper	PHY. Standalone	10/100/1000 cards are avail-
     able in both 32-bit PCI and 64-bit	PCI models. The	8110S is designed for
     embedded LAN-on-motherboard applications.

     The 8169, 8169S and 8110S also support jumbo frames, which	can be config-
     ured via the interface MTU	setting.  Selecting an MTU larger than 1500
     bytes with	the ifconfig(8)	utility	configures the adapter to receive and
     transmit jumbo frames.

     The re driver supports the	following media	types:

     autoselect	  Enable autoselection of the media type and options.  The
		  user can manually override the autoselected mode by adding
		  media	options	to rc.conf(5).

     10baseT/UTP  Set 10Mbps operation.	 The ifconfig(8) mediaopt option can
		  also be used to select either	full-duplex or half-duplex

     100baseTX	  Set 100Mbps (fast ethernet) operation.  The ifconfig(8)
		  mediaopt option can also be used to select either
		  full-duplex or half-duplex modes.

     1000baseTX	  Set 1000baseTX operation over	twisted	pair.  The RealTek
		  gigE chips support 1000Mbps in full-duplex mode only.

     The re driver supports the	following media	options:

     full-duplex  Force	full duplex operation.

     half-duplex  Force	half duplex operation.

     For more information on configuring this device, see ifconfig(8).

     re%d: couldn't map	memory	A fatal	initialization error has occurred.

     re%d: couldn't map	ports  A fatal initialization error has	occurred.

     re%d: couldn't map	interrupt  A fatal initialization error	has occurred.

     re%d: no memory for softc struct!	The driver failed to allocate memory
     for per-device instance information during	initialization.

     re%d: failed to enable memory mapping!  The driver	failed to initialize
     PCI shared	memory mapping.	 This might happen if the card is not in a
     bus-master	slot.

     re%d: no memory for jumbo buffers!	 The driver failed to allocate memory
     for jumbo frames during initialization.

     re%d: watchdog timeout  The device	has stopped responding to the network,
     or	there is a problem with	the network connection (cable).

     arp(4), netintro(4), ng_ether(4), vlan(4),	ifconfig(8)

     RealTek Semiconductor RTL8139C+, RTL8169, RTL8169S	and RTL8110S

     The re device driver first	appeared in FreeBSD 5.2.

     The re driver was written by Bill Paul <>.

     The Xterasys XN-152 32-bit	PCI NIC, which uses the	RTL8169	MAC and	Mar-
     vell 88E1000 PHY, has a defect that causes	DMA corruption if the board is
     plugged into a 64-bit PCI slot. The defect	lies in	the board design, not
     the chip itself: the PCI REQ64# and ACK64#	lines should be	pulled high,
     but they are not. The result is that the 8169 chip	is tricked into	per-
     forming 64-bit DMA	transfers even though a	64-bit data path between the
     NIC and the bus does not actually exist.

     Unfortunately, it is not possible to correct this problem in software,
     however it	is possible to detect it. When the re driver is	loaded,	it
     will run a	diagnostic routine designed to validate	DMA operation by plac-
     ing the chip in digital loopback mode and initiating a packet transmis-
     sion. If the card functions properly, the transmitted data	will be	echoed
     back unmodified. If the echoed data is corrupt, the driver	will print an
     error message on the console and abort the	device attach. The user	should
     insure the	NIC is installed in a 32-bit PCI slot to avoid this problem.

     The RealTek 8169, 8169S and 8110S chips appear to only be capable of
     transmitting jumbo	frames up to 7.5K in size.

BSD			       September 4, 2003			   BSD


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