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RPC.STATD(8)		FreeBSD	System Manager's Manual		  RPC.STATD(8)

     rpc.statd -- host status monitoring daemon

     rpc.statd [-d] [-F] [-h bindip] [-p port]

     The rpc.statd utility is a	daemon which co-operates with rpc.statd	dae-
     mons on other hosts to provide a status monitoring	service.  The daemon
     accepts requests from programs running on the local host (typically,
     rpc.lockd(8), the NFS file	locking	daemon)	to monitor the status of spec-
     ified hosts.  If a	monitored host crashes and restarts, the remote	daemon
     will notify the local daemon, which in turn will notify the local pro-
     gram(s) which requested the monitoring service.  Conversely, if this host
     crashes and re-starts, when the rpc.statd re-starts, it will notify all
     of	the hosts which	were being monitored at	the time of the	crash.

     The following option is available:

     -d	     Cause debugging information to be written to syslog, recording
	     all RPC transactions to the daemon.  These	messages are logged
	     with level	LOG_DEBUG and facility LOG_DAEMON.  Error conditions
	     are logged	irrespective of	this option, using level LOG_ERR.

     -F	     Run rpc.statd in the foreground, rather than going	into daemon
	     mode.  This is useful if some other process uses fork(2) and
	     exec(3) to	run rpc.statd, and wants to monitor when and how it

     -h	bindip
	     Specify specific IP addresses to bind to.	This option may	be
	     specified multiple	times.	If no -h option	is specified,
	     rpc.statd will bind to INADDR_ANY.	 Note that when	specifying IP
	     addresses with -h,	rpc.statd will automatically add and
	     if	IPv6 is	enabled, ::1 to	the list.

     -p	     The -p option allow to force the daemon to	bind to	the specified
	     port, for both AF_INET and	AF_INET6 address families.

     The rpc.statd utility must	NOT be invoked by inetd(8) because the proto-
     col assumes that the daemon will run from system start time.  Instead, it
     should be run from	rc(8) after the	network	has been started.

     /var/db/statd.status	     non-volatile record of currently moni-
				     tored hosts.
     /usr/include/rpcsvc/sm_inter.x  RPC protocol specification	used by	local
				     applications to register monitoring re-

     syslog(3),	rc(8), rpc.lockd(8)

     The implementation	is based on the	specification in X/Open	CAE Specifica-
     tion C218,	"Protocols for X/Open PC Interworking: XNFS, Issue 4", ISBN 1
     872630 66 9

     There is no means for the daemon to tell when a monitored host has	disap-
     peared permanently	(e.g. catastrophic hardware failure), as opposed to
     transient failure of the host or an intermediate router.  At present, it
     will re-try notification attempts at frequent intervals for 10 minutes,
     then hourly, and finally gives up after 24	hours.

     The protocol requires that	symmetric monitor requests are made to both
     the local and remote daemon in order to establish a monitored relation-
     ship.  This is convenient for the NFS locking protocol, but probably re-
     duces the usefulness of the monitoring system for other applications.

     The current implementation	uses more than 1Kbyte per monitored host in
     the status	file (and also in VM).	This may be inefficient	for NFS
     servers with large	numbers	of clients.

FreeBSD	13.0		       November	21, 2019		  FreeBSD 13.0


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