Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)

FreeBSD Manual Pages


home | help
RUN(4)			 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual			RUN(4)

     run -- Ralink Technology USB IEEE 802.11a/g/n wireless network device

     To	compile	this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your
     kernel configuration file:

	   device ehci
	   device uhci
	   device ohci
	   device usb
	   device run
	   device wlan
	   device wlan_amrr

     Firmware is also needed, and provided by:

	   device runfw

     Alternatively, to load the	driver as a module at boot time, place the
     following lines in	loader.conf(5):


     The run driver supports USB 2.0 wireless adapters based on	the Ralink
     RT2700U, RT2800U, RT3000U and RT3900E chipsets.

     The RT2700U chipset consists of two integrated chips, an RT2770 MAC/BBP
     and an RT2720 (1T2R) or RT2750 (dual-band 1T2R) radio transceiver.

     The RT2800U chipset consists of two integrated chips, an RT2870 MAC/BBP
     and an RT2820 (2T3R) or RT2850 (dual-band 2T3R) radio transceiver.

     The RT3000U is a single-chip solution based on an RT3070 MAC/BBP and an
     RT3020 (1T1R), RT3021 (1T2R) or RT3022 (2T2R) single-band radio trans-

     The RT3900E is a single-chip USB 2.0 802.11n solution.  The MAC/Baseband
     Processor can be an RT3593, RT5390, RT5392	or an RT5592.  The radio can
     be	an RT3053, RT5370, RT5372 or an	RT5572.	 The RT3053 chip operates in
     the 2GHz and 5GHz spectra and supports up to 3 transmit paths and 3 re-
     ceiver paths (3T3R).  The RT5370 chip operates in the 2GHz	spectrum and
     supports 1	transmit path and 1 receiver path (1T1R).  The RT5372 chip op-
     erates in the 2GHz	spectrum and supports up to 2 transmit paths and 2 re-
     ceiver paths (2T2R).  The RT5572 chip operates in the 2GHz	and 5GHz spec-
     tra and supports up to 2 transmit paths and 2 receiver paths (2T2R).

     These are the modes the run driver	can operate in:

     BSS mode	    Also known as infrastructure mode, this is used when asso-
		    ciating with an access point, through which	all traffic
		    passes.  This mode is the default.

     Host AP mode   In this mode the driver acts as an access point (base sta-
		    tion) for other cards.

     monitor mode   In this mode the driver is able to receive packets without
		    associating	with an	access point.  This disables the in-
		    ternal receive filter and enables the card to capture
		    packets from networks which	it wouldn't normally have ac-
		    cess to, or	to scan	for access points.

     The run driver can	be configured to use Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) or
     Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK).  WPA is the	de facto en-
     cryption standard for wireless networks.  It is strongly recommended that
     WEP not be	used as	the sole mechanism to secure wireless communication,
     due to serious weaknesses in it.  The run driver offloads both encryption
     and decryption of data frames to the hardware for the WEP40, WEP104,
     TKIP(+MIC)	and CCMP ciphers.

     The run driver can	be configured at runtime with ifconfig(8).

     The run driver supports the following wireless adapters:

	   Airlink101 AWLL6090
	   ASUS	USB-N11
	   ASUS	USB-N13	ver. A1
	   ASUS	USB-N66
	   ASUS	WL-160N
	   Belkin F5D8051 ver 3000
	   Belkin F5D8053
	   Belkin F5D8055
	   Belkin F6D4050 ver 1
	   Belkin F9L1103
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-AG300N
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-G300HP
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-G300N
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-G301N
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-GN
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-GNM
	   Buffalo WLI-UC-GNM2
	   Corega CG-WLUSB2GNL
	   Corega CG-WLUSB2GNR
	   Corega CG-WLUSB300AGN
	   Corega CG-WLUSB300GNM
	   D-Link DWA-130 rev B1
	   D-Link DWA-140 rev B1, B2, B3, D1
	   D-Link DWA-160 rev B2
	   D-Link DWA-162
	   DrayTek Vigor N61
	   Edimax EW-7711UAn
	   Edimax EW-7711UTn
	   Edimax EW-7717Un
	   Edimax EW-7718Un
	   Edimax EW-7733UnD
	   Gigabyte GN-WB30N
	   Gigabyte GN-WB31N
	   Gigabyte GN-WB32L
	   Hawking HWDN1
	   Hawking HWUN1
	   Hawking HWUN2
	   Hercules HWNU-300
	   Linksys WUSB54GC v3
	   Linksys WUSB600N
	   Logitec LAN-W150N/U2
	   Mvix	Nubbin MS-811N
	   Panda Wireless PAU06
	   Planex GW-USMicroN
	   Planex GW-US300MiniS
	   Sitecom WL-182
	   Sitecom WL-188
	   Sitecom WL-301
	   Sitecom WL-302
	   Sitecom WL-315
	   Sweex LW303
	   Sweex LW313
	   TP-LINK TL-WDN3200
	   TP-LINK TL-WN321G v4
	   TP-LINK TL-WN727N v3
	   Unex	DNUR-81
	   Unex	DNUR-82
	   ZyXEL NWD2705
	   ZyXEL NWD210N
	   ZyXEL NWD270N

     Join an existing BSS network (i.e., connect to an access point):

	   ifconfig wlan create	wlandev	run0 inet \
	       netmask 0xffffff00

     Join a specific BSS network with network name "my_net":

	   ifconfig wlan create	wlandev	run0 ssid my_net up

     Join a specific BSS network with 64-bit WEP encryption:

	   ifconfig wlan create	wlandev	run0 ssid my_net \
		   wepmode on wepkey 0x1234567890 weptxkey 1 up

     Join a specific BSS network with 128-bit WEP encryption:

	   ifconfig wlan create	wlandev	run0 wlanmode adhoc ssid my_net	\
	       wepmode on wepkey 0x01020304050607080910111213 weptxkey 1

     run%d: faild load firmware	of file	runfw  For some	reason,	the driver was
     unable to read the	microcode file from the	filesystem.  The file might be
     missing or	corrupted.

     run%d: could not load 8051	microcode  An error occurred while attempting
     to	upload the microcode to	the onboard 8051 microcontroller unit.

     run%d: device timeout  A frame dispatched to the hardware for transmis-
     sion did not complete in time.  The driver	will reset the hardware.  This
     should not	happen.

     intro(4), netintro(4), runfw(4), usb(4), wlan(4), wlan_amrr(4),
     wlan_ccmp(4), wlan_tkip(4), wlan_wep(4), wlan_xauth(4), hostapd(8),
     ifconfig(8), wpa_supplicant(8)

     Ralink Technology:

     The run driver first appeared in OpenBSD 4.5.

     The run driver was	written	by Damien Bergamini <>.

     The run driver supports some of the 11n capabilities found	in the RT2800,
     RT3000 and	RT3900 chipsets.

BSD				 June 16, 2020				   BSD


Want to link to this manual page? Use this URL:

home | help