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sane-apple(5)		 SANE Scanner Access Now Easy		 sane-apple(5)

       sane-apple - SANE backend for Apple flatbed scanners

       The  sane-apple	library	 implements  a	SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy)
       backend that provides access to Apple flatbed scanners. At present, the
       following scanners are supported	from this backend:

       --------------- ----- ------------------	------
       AppleScanner    4bit  16	Shades of Gray
       OneScanner      8bit  256 Shades	of Gray
       ColorOneScanner 24bit RGB color		3-pass

       If  you own a Apple scanner other than the ones listed above that works
       with this backend, please let us	know by	sending	 the  scanner's	 model
       name,  SCSI  id,	 and  firmware revision	to  See  for  de-
       tails on	how to subscribe to sane-devel.

       This backend expects device names of the	form:


       where  special is the path-name for the special device that corresponds
       to a SCSI scanner. For SCSI scanners, the special device	name must be a
       generic SCSI device or a	symlink	to such	a device.  Under Linux,	such a
       device  name  could  be	/dev/sga  or  /dev/sge,	 for   example.	   See
       sane-scsi(5) for	details.

       The  apple.conf	file is	a list of options and device names that	corre-
       spond to	Apple scanners.	 Empty lines and lines starting	 with  a  hash
       mark  (#) are ignored.  See sane-scsi(5)	on details of what constitutes
       a valid device name.

       Options come in two flavors: global and positional  ones.   Global  op-
       tions  apply  to	all devices managed by the backend, whereas positional
       options apply just to the most recently mentioned  device.   Note  that
       this means that the order in which the options appear matters!

       SCSI scanners are typically delivered with an ISA SCSI adapter.	Unfor-
       tunately, that adapter is not worth much	 since	it  is	not  interrupt
       driven.	It is sometimes	possible to get	the supplied card to work, but
       without an interrupt line, scanning will	put so much load on the	system
       that it becomes almost unusable for other tasks.

	      The   backend   configuration  file  (see	 also  description  of
	      SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

	      The static library implementing this backend.

	      The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems
	      that support dynamic loading).

	      This  environment	 variable  is  list  of	directories where SANE
	      looks for	the configuration file.	 On  *NIX  systems,  directory
	      names are	separated by a colon (`:'), under OS/2 by a semi-colon
	      (`;').  If SANE_CONFIG_DIR is not	set, SANE defaults to  search-
	      ing  the	current	 working  directory  (".")  and	 then /usr/lo-
	      cal/etc/sane.d.  If the value of $SANE_CONFIG_DIR	ends with  the
	      separator	 character, the	default	directories are	searched after
	      the directory list.  For	example,  setting  SANE_CONFIG_DIR  to
	      "/tmp/config:"  would  result  in	directories tmp/config,	., and
	      /usr/local/etc/sane.d being searched (in that order).

	      Controls the debug level.	 A value of 255	prints all debug  out-
	      put.   Smaller values reduce verbosity.  Requires	a library com-
	      piled with debug support.

       The apple backend is now	in version 0.3 (Tue Jul	21 1998). Since	I only
       have  the AppleScanner and not the other	models (OneScanner, ColorOneS-
       canner) I can only develop/test for the AppleScanner effectively.  How-
       ever with this release I	almost completed the GUI part of all scanners.
       Most of the functionality is there. At least OneScanner should scan  at
       the  AppleScanner's  compatible	modes  (LineArt, HalfTone, Gray16). My
       personal	belief is that with a slight touch of debugging	the OneScanner
       could  be actually usable. The ColorOneScanner needs more work. AppleS-
       canner is of course almost fully	supported.

       Currently all three models lack upload/download support.

	      Cannot up/download a halftone pattern.

	      Cannot up/download halftone patterns or calibration vectors.

	      Cannot up/download halftone patterns, calibration	vectors,  cus-
	      tom Color	Correction Tables (CCT)	and of course custom gamma ta-

       Park/UnPark (OneScanner,	ColorOneScanner)
	      Some capabilities	are missing.

       The above functionalities are missing because I don't have the hardware
       to experiment on.  Another reason is my lack of understanding as	to how
       or if the SANE API provide means	to describe  any  array	 type  besides

       The  following  "features"  will	 never	be supported, at least while I
       maintain	the sane-apple backend.

       NoHome (AppleScanner)
	      The scanner lamp stays on	 and  the  carriage  assembly  remains
	      where it stops at	the end	of the scan. After two minutes,	if the
	      scanner does not receive another SCAN command, the lamp goes off
	      and the carriage returns to the home position.

       Compression (AppleScanner)
	      The  Scanner  can	 compress data with CCITT Group	III one	dimen-
	      sional algorithm (fax) and the Skip White	Line algorithm.

       Multiple	Windows	(AppleScanner)
	      AppleScanner may support multiple	windows. It would  be  a  cool
	      feature and a challenge for me to	code if	it could intermix dif-
	      ferent options for different windows (scan areas). This  way  it
	      could  scan  a document in LineArt mode but the figures in it in
	      Gray and at a different resolution.  Unfortunately this  is  im-

       Scan Direction (OneScanner)
	      It controls the scan direction. (?)

       Status/Reset Button (OneScanner)
	      This  option controls the	status of the button on	the OneScanner
	      model. You can also reset	the button status by software.

       SANE backend bugs are divided in	two classes.  We  have	GUI  bugs  and
       scanner specific	bugs.

       We  know	 we  have a GUI	bug when a parameter is	not showing up when it
       should (active) or vice versa. Finding out which	parameters are	active
       across  various Apple modes and models from the documentation ftp://ft-
       mentation/ is an	interesting exercise. I	may have missed	some dependen-
       cies. For example of the	threshold parameter the	 Apple	Scanners  Pro-
       gramming	 Guide	says nothing. I	had to assume it is valid only in Lin-
       eArt mode.

       Scanner specific	bugs are mostly	due to mandatory round-offs  in	 order
       to scan.	In the documentation in	one place states that the width	of the
       scan area should	be a byte multiple. In another place it	says that  the
       width of	the scan area should be	an even	byte multiple. Go figure...

       Other  sources of bugs are due to scsi communication, scsi connects and
       disconnects. However the	classical bugs are still there.	So you may en-
       counter	buffer overruns, null pointers,	memory corruption and SANE API

       SIGSEGV on SliceBars
	      When you try to modify the scan area from	the slice bar you have
	      a	 nice  little  cute core dump. I don't know why. If you	select
	      the scan area from the preview window or by hand typing the num-
	      bers everything is fine. The SIGSEGV happens deep	in gtk library
	      (gdk). I really cannot debug it.

       Options too much
	      It is possible, especially  for  the  ColorOneScanner,  for  the
	      backend's	options	panel to extend	beyond your screen. It happens
	      with mine	and I am running my X Server at	1024x768. What	can  I
	      say? Try smaller fonts in	the X server, or virtual screens.

       Weird SCSI behaviour
	      I	am quoting David Myers Here...

	      >> OS: FreeBSD 2.2.6
	      >> CC: egcs-1.02
	      Just  wanted to follow up	on this...  I recently changed my SCSI
	      card from	the Adaptec  2940UW  to	 a  dual-channel  Symbios  786
	      chipset.	 When I	started	up SANE	with your driver, I managed to
	      scan line	art drawings okay, but Gray16 scans led	to a stream of
	      SCSI  error  messages  on	the console, ultimately	hanging	with a
	      message saying the scanner wasn't	releasing the SCSI bus.	  This
	      may be that the Symbios is simply	less tolerant of ancient hard-
	      ware, or may be bugs in your driver or in	SANE itself...

       If you encounter	a  GUI	bug  please  set  the  environmental  variable
       SANE_DEBUG_APPLE	 to 255	and rerun the exact sequence of	keystrokes and
       menu selections to reproduce it.	Then send me a report with the log at-

       If you have an Apple Macintosh with the AppleScanners driver installed,
       reporting to me which options are grayed	out (inactive) in  what	 modes
       would be	very helpful.

       If  you	want  to  offer	some help but you don't	have a scanner,	or you
       don't have the model you	would like to help with, or you	are a SANE de-
       veloper and you just want to take a look	at how the apple backend looks
       like, goto to apple.h and #define the NEUTRALIZE_BACKEND	macro. You can
       select  the  scanner model through the APPLE_MODEL_SELECT macro.	Avail-

       If you encounter	a SCSI bus error or trimmed  and/or  displaced	images
       please set the environment variable SANE_DEBUG_SANEI_SCSI to 255	before
       sending me the report.

       Non Blocking Support
	      Make  sane-apple	a  non	blocking  backend.  Properly   support
	      sane_set_io_mode() and sane_get_select_fd()

       Scan   Make scanning possible for all models in all supported modes.

       Add other missing functionality

       sane(7),	sane-scsi(5)

       The  sane-apple	backend	was written not	entirely from scratch by Milon
       Firikis.	It is mostly based on the sane-mustek(5)  backend  from	 David
       Mosberger and Andreas Czechanowski

				  11 Jul 2008			 sane-apple(5)


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