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UNIMSG(3)	       FreeBSD Library Functions Manual		     UNIMSG(3)

     uni_msg_len, uni_msg_space, uni_msg_leading, uni_msg_size,
     uni_msg_ensure, uni_msg_append, uni_msg_extend, uni_msg_alloc,
     uni_msg_build, uni_msg_destroy, uni_msg_strip32, uni_msg_get32,
     uni_msg_append32, uni_msg_append8,	uni_msg_trail32, uni_msg_dup --	ATM
     signalling	library	- message buffers

     Begemot ATM signalling library (libunimsg,	-lunimsg)

     #include <uni4/unimsg.h>

     uni_msg_len(const struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_space(const struct	uni_msg	*msg);

     uni_msg_leading(const struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_size(const	struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_ensure(struct uni_msg *msg, size_t	bytes);

     uni_msg_append(struct uni_msg *msg, void *buf, size_t buflen);

     uni_msg_extend(struct uni_msg *msg, size_t	bytes);

     struct uni_msg *
     uni_msg_alloc(size_t space);

     struct uni_msg *
     uni_msg_build(void	*buf, ...);

     uni_msg_destroy(struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_strip32(struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_get32(struct uni_msg *msg);

     uni_msg_append32(struct uni_msg *msg, u_int value);

     uni_msg_append8(struct uni_msg *msg, u_int	byte);

     uni_msg_trail32(const struct uni_msg *msg,	int n);

     struct uni_msg *
     uni_msg_dup(const struct uni_msg *msg);

     These functions are used to manipulate variable sized message.  They are
     inspired by BSD mbufs and SysV stream buffers, but	somewhat simplified
     because signalling	generally is a low bandwidth task.  All	the functions
     operation on a uni_msg data structure:

	   struct uni_msg {
		   u_char  *b_wptr;	   /* tail pointer */
		   u_char  *b_rptr;	   /* head pointer */
		   u_char  *b_buf;	   /* data buffer */
		   u_char  *b_lim;	   /* end of data buffer */

     The field b_buf points to the begin of a memory block that	is used	to
     store the actual message and the field b_lim points just to the first
     byte behind that buffer.  This buffer is allocated	separate from the
     structure itself and the user calling any of the above functions with a
     non const struct uni_msg argument should expect the buffer	to be reallo-
     cated and hence not hold pointers into the	buffer accross call to these
     functions.	 The pointer b_rptr points to the first	used byte in the mes-
     sage and b_wptr to	the first unused byte behind all used bytes.  If the
     message is	empty, both pointers point to the same place somewhere in the
     allocated buffer.

     There are several functions and macros that return	various	sizes and
     lengths.  The macro uni_msg_len() returns the actual size of the message
     (the number of used bytes).  The macro uni_msg_space() returns the	number
     of	bytes that are left unused behind the used space.  The macro
     uni_msg_leading() returns the number of bytes that	are unused before the
     used space	and the	macro uni_msg_size() returns the maximum size of the
     message (that is the size of the allocated	buffer).

     Two functions may be used to create new messages: The function
     uni_msg_alloc() allocates the message structure and a buffer to hold at
     least space bytes (In fact	it allocates a couple of bytes more).  If the
     allocation	fails NULL is returned.	 The pointers are setup	so that	there
     is	no leading space in the	buffer.	 The function uni_msg_build() con-
     structs a new message from	a variable number of buffers.  The arguments
     are pairs of void * pointers to buffers and size_t	buffer sizes, termi-
     nated by a	NULL pointer.  The function computes the total resulting mes-
     sage size,	allocates a message and	copies all the buffers into the	mes-
     sage.  The	message	is built to have no leading space.  If the allocation
     fails, NULL is returned.

     The function uni_msg_destroy() deallocates	the buffer pointed to by the
     message and the message itself.  It is save to pass a message with	a NULL
     buffer, but not a NULL message.

     The function uni_msg_dup()	returns	a copy of a message with exact the
     same leading space.

     A number of functions are used to add bytes to an existing	message.  The
     function uni_msg_extend() extends the message buffer to have space	for at
     least bytes additional byte at the	end.  The leading space	does not
     change.  This function may	reallocate the message buffer.	The function
     returns 0 on success and ENOMEM if	the reallocation fails.	 In this case
     the message buffer	is not changed.	 The macro uni_msg_ensure() checks
     whether the message has space for additional bytes	bytes.	If not it
     calls uni_msg_extend() to make the	message	buffer larger.	The macro re-
     turns 0 on	success	or ENOMEM if there is not enough space and the reallo-
     cation fails.  In this case the message buffer is not changed.  The func-
     tion uni_msg_append() appends buflen bytes	from the buffer	pointed	to by
     buf to the	message.  The function uni_msg_append8() appends one byte to
     the message and the function uni_msg_append32() appends a 32-bit value in
     network byte order	to the message (b_wptr needs not to be aligned).  All
     three functions call uni_msg_ensure() to make sure, that the buffer con-
     tents fit into the	message.  They return 0	on success and ENOMEM if the
     buffer is too small and the reallocation fails.  In this case the message
     buffer is not changed.

     A number of functions can be used to retrieve parts of the	message.  The
     function uni_msg_strip32()	returns	the last four bytes of the message as
     a 32-bit integer assumed to be in network byte order.  It adjusts b_wptr
     to	remove these four bytes	from the message.  b_wptr does not need	to be
     aligned.  The function uni_msg_get32() returns the	first four bytes of
     the message as a 32-bit integer assumed to	be in network byte order.  It
     adjusts b_rptr to remove these four bytes from the	message.  b_rptr does
     not need to be aligned.  The function uni_msg_trail32() returns the n 'th
     32-bit integer from the buffer counted from the end of the	buffer.	 The
     integer is	assumed	to be in network byte order.  A	value of -1 for	n re-
     turns the last four bytes of the buffer, a	value of -2 the	four bytes
     just before the last four bytes and so on.	 All three functions do	not
     check that	the message is large enough.

     libunimsg(3), mbuf(9)

     Hartmut Brandt <>

FreeBSD	13.0			 June 14, 2005			  FreeBSD 13.0


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