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UTIMES(2)		  FreeBSD System Calls Manual		     UTIMES(2)

     utimes, lutimes, futimes, futimesat -- set	file access and	modification

     Standard C	Library	(libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/time.h>

     utimes(const char *path, const struct timeval *times);

     lutimes(const char	*path, const struct timeval *times);

     futimes(int fd, const struct timeval *times);

     futimesat(int fd, const char *path, const struct timeval times[2]);

     These interfaces are obsoleted by futimens(2) and utimensat(2) because
     they are not accurate to nanoseconds.

     The access	and modification times of the file named by path or referenced
     by	fd are changed as specified by the argument times.

     If	times is NULL, the access and modification times are set to the	cur-
     rent time.	 The caller must be the	owner of the file, have	permission to
     write the file, or	be the super-user.

     If	times is non-NULL, it is assumed to point to an	array of two timeval
     structures.  The access time is set to the	value of the first element,
     and the modification time is set to the value of the second element.  For
     file systems that support file birth (creation) times (such as UFS2), the
     birth time	will be	set to the value of the	second element if the second
     element is	older than the currently set birth time.  To set both a	birth
     time and a	modification time, two calls are required; the first to	set
     the birth time and	the second to set the (presumably newer) modification
     time.  Ideally a new system call will be added that allows	the setting of
     all three times at	once.  The caller must be the owner of the file	or be
     the super-user.

     In	either case, the inode-change-time of the file is set to the current

     The lutimes() system call is like utimes()	except in the case where the
     named file	is a symbolic link, in which case lutimes() changes the	access
     and modification times of the link, while utimes()	changes	the times of
     the file the link references.

     The futimesat() system call is equivalent to utimes() except in the case
     where path	specifies a relative path.  In this case the access and	modi-
     fication time is set to that of a file relative to	the directory associ-
     ated with the file	descriptor fd instead of the current working direc-
     tory.  If futimesat() is passed the special value AT_FDCWD	in the fd pa-
     rameter, the current working directory is used and	the behavior is	iden-
     tical to a	call to	utimes().

     Upon successful completion, the value 0 is	returned; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno	is set to indicate the

     All of the	system call will fail if:

     [EACCES]		Search permission is denied for	a component of the
			path prefix.

     [EACCES]		The times argument is NULL and the effective user ID
			of the process does not	match the owner	of the file,
			and is not the super-user, and write access is denied.

     [EFAULT]		The path or times argument points outside the
			process's allocated address space.

     [EFAULT]		The times argument points outside the process's	allo-
			cated address space.

     [EINVAL]		The tv_usec component of at least one of the values
			specified by the times argument	has a value less than
			0 or greater than 999999.

     [EIO]		An I/O error occurred while reading or writing the af-
			fected inode.

     [EINTEGRITY]	Corrupted data was detected while reading from the
			file system.

     [ELOOP]		Too many symbolic links	were encountered in translat-
			ing the	pathname.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]	A component of a pathname exceeded NAME_MAX charac-
			ters, or an entire path	name exceeded PATH_MAX charac-

     [ENOENT]		The named file does not	exist.

     [ENOTDIR]		A component of the path	prefix is not a	directory.

     [EPERM]		The times argument is not NULL and the calling
			process's effective user ID does not match the owner
			of the file and	is not the super-user.

     [EPERM]		The named file has its immutable or append-only	flags
			set.  See the chflags(2) manual	page for more informa-

     [EROFS]		The file system	containing the file is mounted read-

     The futimes() system call will fail if:

     [EBADF]		The fd argument	does not refer to a valid descriptor.

     In	addition to the	errors returned	by the utimes(), the futimesat() may
     fail if:

     [EBADF]		The path argument does not specify an absolute path
			and the	fd argument is neither AT_FDCWD	nor a valid
			file descriptor	open for searching.

     [ENOTDIR]		The path argument is not an absolute path and fd is
			neither	AT_FDCWD nor a file descriptor associated with
			a directory.

     chflags(2), stat(2), utimensat(2),	utime(3)

     The utimes() function is expected to conform to X/Open Portability	Guide
     Issue 4, Version 2	("XPG4.2").  The futimesat() system call follows The
     Open Group	Extended API Set 2 specification but was replaced by
     utimensat() in IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 ("POSIX.1").

     The utimes() system call appeared in 4.2BSD.  The futimes() and lutimes()
     system calls first	appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.  The futimesat() system call
     appeared in FreeBSD 8.0.

FreeBSD	13.0			March 30, 2020			  FreeBSD 13.0


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