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WB(4)			 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual			 WB(4)

     wb	-- Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet device driver

     To	compile	this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your
     kernel configuration file:

	   device miibus
	   device wb

     Alternatively, to load the	driver as a module at boot time, place the
     following line in loader.conf(5):


     The wb driver provides support for	PCI Ethernet adapters and embedded
     controllers based on the Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet controller	chip.
     The 840F should not be confused with the 940F, which is an	NE2000 clone
     and only supports 10Mbps speeds.

     The Winbond controller uses bus master DMA	and is designed	to be a	DEC
     'tulip' workalike.	 It differs from the standard DEC design in several
     ways: the control and status registers are	spaced 4 bytes apart instead
     of	8, and the receive filter is programmed	through	registers rather than
     by	downloading a special setup frame via the transmit DMA engine.	Using
     an	external PHY, the Winbond chip supports	both 10	and 100Mbps speeds in
     either full or half duplex.

     The wb driver supports the	following media	types:

     autoselect		   Enable autoselection	of the media type and options.
			   This	is only	supported if the PHY chip attached to
			   the Winbond controller supports NWAY	autonegotia-
			   tion.  The user can manually	override the autose-
			   lected mode by adding media options to the
			   /etc/rc.conf	file.

     10baseT/UTP	   Set 10Mbps operation.  The mediaopt option can also
			   be used to select either full-duplex	or half-duplex

     100baseTX		   Set 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet) operation.  The
			   mediaopt option can also be used to select either
			   full-duplex or half-duplex modes.

     The wb driver supports the	following media	options:

     full-duplex	   Force full duplex operation

     half-duplex	   Force half duplex operation.

     Note that the 100baseTX media type	is only	available if supported by the
     adapter.  For more	information on configuring this	device,	see

     The wb driver supports Winbond W89C840F based Fast	Ethernet adapters and
     embedded controllers including:

     o	 Trendware TE100-PCIE

     wb%d: couldn't map	memory	A fatal	initialization error has occurred.

     wb%d: couldn't map	interrupt  A fatal initialization error	has occurred.

     wb%d: watchdog timeout  The device	has stopped responding to the network,
     or	there is a problem with	the network connection (cable).

     wb%d: no memory for rx list  The driver failed to allocate	an mbuf	for
     the receiver ring.

     wb%d: no memory for tx list  The driver failed to allocate	an mbuf	for
     the transmitter ring when allocating a pad	buffer or collapsing an	mbuf
     chain into	a cluster.

     wb%d: chip	is in D3 power state --	setting	to D0  This message applies
     only to adapters which support power management.  Some operating systems
     place the controller in low power mode when shutting down,	and some PCI
     BIOSes fail to bring the chip out of this state before configuring	it.
     The controller loses all of its PCI configuration in the D3 state,	so if
     the BIOS does not set it back to full power mode in time, it will not be
     able to configure it correctly.  The driver tries to detect this condi-
     tion and bring the	adapter	back to	the D0 (full power) state, but this
     may not be	enough to return the driver to a fully operational condition.
     If	you see	this message at	boot time and the driver fails to attach the
     device as a network interface, you	will have to perform second warm boot
     to	have the device	properly configured.

     Note that this condition only occurs when warm booting from another oper-
     ating system.  If you power down your system prior	to booting FreeBSD,
     the card should be	configured correctly.

     arp(4), miibus(4),	netintro(4), ng_ether(4), ifconfig(8)

     The wb device driver first	appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.

     The wb driver was written by Bill Paul <>.

     The Winbond chip seems to behave strangely	in some	cases when the link
     partner switches modes.  If for example both sides	are set	to 10Mbps
     half-duplex, and the other	end is changed to 100Mbps full-duplex, the
     Winbond's receiver	suddenly starts	writing	trash all over the RX descrip-
     tors.  The	wb driver handles this by forcing a reset of both the con-
     troller chip and attached PHY.  This is drastic, but it appears to	be the
     only way to recover properly from this condition.

BSD				 July 16, 2005				   BSD


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